Islam itself spreaded further n africa central europe

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Islam itself spreaded further: N. Africa, Central Europe, India, & SE Asia Crusades Al-hakim , the Caliph of Jerusalem, burned the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 1009 =>Christians to view Muslims as heretics Pope Urban II rallied support across France and called for a holy Crusade in 1095. This leads to July 15, 1099 , when the crusaders entered and reconquered Jerusalem Salah-ad-Din Yusuf (Saladin) 1187: Muslim leader; intelligent, strong &
charismatic Allowed free-worshipping and was forgiving like Mohammed. Mongols - Ghengis Khan Took Baghdad in February 10, 1258 empire spread E. Asia to N. India, Middle East, & parts of E. Europe However, W. Mongol conquerors converted to Islam eventually Became patrons to the arts Mongol conquest played a key role in opening the world Before 1492: Blaut Chpt 3 and Lectures Key Terms Feudalism: “The class-structured agrarian societies of Africa and Asia as well as Europe” (Blaut 152). Middle Ages : Start estimated at the fall of (East) Roman Empire (476 AD). End disputed at either Renaissance, Columbus’ “discovery,” or the Protestant Reformation. Mode of Production: “A complex of traits including material resources such as land, material culture, labor employed in production and distribution, social rules governing access to material resources and distribution of the output, and some related traits”(Blaut 154). Blaut uses the term “feudal mode of production for European feudal society Criss-cross Diffusion: “The complex of crops, animals, tools, and ideas...developed in many societies simultaneously...and each new trait...diffuse[d] rapidly to those other parts of the hemisphere in which such a trait was a useful innovation” (Blaut 155-156). spread of technology; BAGHDAD This process extended agricultural landscape over a vast region of the Easten Hemisphere Protocapitalism: “Incipient capitalism, adolescent capitalism...the system as it existed prior to the two revolutionary transformations which brought modern capitalism into existence...It exhibited most of the basic traits of capitalism”(Blaut 165). Bourgeois Revolution and Industrial Revolution led to legit capitalism Existed first on a small scale within another dominant economic system Spatial Revolution: “The period during which this system grew most rapidly in scale and intensity was the period during which the technology of oceangoing shipping increased explosively”(Blaut 172). Kind of like a sequel to the Agricultural Revolution Intensified spatial flows much as the Agricultural Revolution intensified in situ production Maritime Trade and its importance The medieval mercantile-maritime system= nursery bed of capitalism
Swahili Coast: Had wealthy trading city-states. Were among the best boat-builders of the Middle Ages Great Zimbabwe: Traded with Swahili Coast to gain access to Medieval maritime trade Mali/Ghana: Famous for their camel caravans as a mode for travel.

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