Based on whether or not governments monitor and enforce human rights violations

Based on whether or not governments monitor and

This preview shows page 8 - 10 out of 12 pages.

Based on whether or not governments monitor and enforce human rights violations locally(GL) or internationally(GI) or both, the following human rights friendly government model can be indicated: 6) G = GL + GI Four types of governments can be derived from the formula above: A. Total human rights unfriendly governments When governments do not monitor and enforce local and international human rights laws at the same time, they are considered to be total human rights unfriendly governments, which can be stated as: 7) G1 = gL.gI = g* B. Locally oriented human rights friendly governments When governments do not monitor and enforce international human rights laws, but monitor and enforce local laws, they are considered to be locally oriented human rights friendly governments, which can be expressed as: 8) G2 = GL.gI C. Internationally oriented human rights friendly governments When governments do not monitor and enforce local human rights laws, but monitor and enforce international laws, they are considered to be internationally oriented human rights friendly governments, which can be expressed as: 9) G3 = gL.GI D. Total human rights friendly government When governments do monitor and enforce local and international human rights laws at the same time, they are considered to be total human rights friendly governments, which can be stated as: 10) G4 = GL.GI = G* VIII. The full human rights friendly development model
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By combining formula 5 and formula 10, we can state a full human rights friendly development model(D*), one where all businesses comply fully with human rights laws and where all governments monitor and enforce effectively those laws at the same time as shown below: 11) D* = B*G* Notice that in the model above(D*), government monitoring and enforcement has to be consistent with business self-interest. Also, it is important to point out here that formula 11 indicates that self-interest can be constrained, regulatory threats are effective, flexible regulated compliance exist, and human rights friendly products would prevail in the market. Moreover, formula 11 implies also that governments could then have a socially responsible image, an anti- corruption image, a strong institutional image, and a progressive policy image. By substituting B* = BL.BI and G* = GL.GI in formula 11, we get: 12) D* = (BL.BI)(GL.GI) The above formula clearly shows that for development to be fully human rights friendly it is required that businesses comply with local and international laws(BL.BI) and that governments must monitor and enforce local and international laws(GL.GI) at the same time. Reorganizing terms in formula 12, we can separate it into a local and an international component as follows: 13) D* = (BL.GL)(BI.GI) The above shows that the sufficient and necessary condition for having full human rights friendly development(D*) is the presence of local full human rights friendliness(BL.GL) and of international full human rights friendliness(BI.GI) at the same time.
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