Lincoln attacked the media for such behavior and

This preview shows page 20 - 22 out of 39 pages.

opportunity for the editors and others to corner the gold market. Lincoln attacked the media for such behavior, and ordered a military seizure of the two papers which lasted for two days.[267]
Lincoln is largely responsible for the Thanksgiving holiday.[268] Thanksgiving had become a regional holiday in New England in the 17th century. It had been sporadically proclaimed by the federal government on irregular dates. The prior proclamation had been during James Madison's presidency 50 years earlier. In 1863, Lincoln declared the final Thursday in November of that year to be a day of Thanksgiving.[268]In June 1864, Lincoln approved the Yosemite Grant enacted by Congress, which provided unprecedented federal protection for the area now known as Yosemite National Park.[269]Judicial appointmentsMain article: List of federal judges appointed by Abraham LincolnSeated manSalmon Portland Chase was Lincoln's Chief Justice.Supreme Court appointmentsSupreme Court JusticesJusticeNominatedAppointedNoah Haynes SwayneJanuary 21, 1862January 24, 1862Samuel Freeman MillerJuly 16, 1862July 16, 1862David DavisDecember 1, 1862December 8, 1862Stephen Johnson FieldMarch 6, 1863March 10, 1863Salmon Portland Chase (Chief Justice)December 6, 1864December 6, 1864Lincoln's philosophy on court nominations was that "we cannot ask a man what he will do, and if we should, and he should answer us, we should despise him for it. Therefore we must take a man whose opinions are known."[268] Lincoln made five appointments to the Supreme Court. Noah Haynes Swayne was an anti-slavery lawyer who was committed to the Union. Samuel Freeman Miller supported Lincoln in the 1860 election and was an avowed abolitionist. David Davis was Lincoln's campaign manager in 1860 and had served as a judge in the Illinois court circuitwhere Lincoln practiced. Democrat Stephen Johnson Field, a previous California Supreme Court justice, provided geographic and political balance. Finally, Lincoln's Treasury Secretary, Salmon P. Chase, became Chief Justice. Lincoln believed Chase was an able jurist, would support Reconstruction legislation, andthat his appointment united the Republican Party.[270]Other judicial appointmentsLincoln appointed 27 judges to the United States district courts but no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office.[271][272]States admitted to the UnionWest Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863. Nevada, which became the third State in the far-west of the continent, was admitted as a free state on October 31, 1864.[273]AssassinationMain article: Assassination of Abraham LincolnPainting of Lincoln being shot by Booth while sitting in a theater booth.Shown in the presidential booth of Ford's Theatre, from left to right, are assassin John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln, Clara Harris, and Henry RathboneJohn Wilkes Booth was a well-known actor and a Confederate spy from Maryland; though he never joined the Confederate army, he had contacts with the Confederate secret service.[274] After attending an April 11, 1865 speech in which Lincoln promoted voting rights for blacks, Booth hatched a plot to

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture