It was not until the post war period that a literature developed which was

It was not until the post war period that a

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scarcely criticised the "beneficial effects" of the French occupation. It was not until the post-war period that a literature developed which was increasingly critical and hostile towards the French colonial enterprise, culminating in Albert Tévoédjrè's L'Afrique révoltée [Africa in revolt] (1958). The 1960s are notable for the denunciation of society and neocolonialism which took place at this time. Among the best known writers of this period are Olympe Bhêly-Quenum and Jean Pliya whose plays were very successful. The coup of 1972 divided literature into two camps: people for and against the revolution. Jérôme Carlos arrived on the literary scene at that time and later became one of the great authors of his generation. The 1980s are marked by a greater variety of themes than those previously tackled, and by the success of a number of newcomers, such as Moudjib Djinadou , Edgar Okiki Zinsou , Dominique Titus , Albet Gandonou and even more recently (2005) Arnold Sénou . (See Le Bénin littéraire. ) Women's writing dates back to the 1980s, with the publication of Gisèle Hountondji 's autobiography, Colette Sénami Agossou Houeto 's poetry and the novels of Flore Hazoumé , whose father is from Benin. Over the past few years, some new authors have contributed further entries to Togolese literature. Amongst those writers are Adélaïde Fassinou , Béatrice Lalinon Gbado who is heading Ruisseaux d'Afrique - a small publishing house specialising in children's literature - and the well known Senegalese author Ken Bugul who now lives in Benin, thus widening further the field of "Beninese literature"
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  • Spring '19
  • Jane White

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