commitment) and 4 states of identity achievement (foreclosure, moratorium, diffusion, identity achievement). oKey factors: Exploration:- the need to explore/consider optionCommitment:- the ability to choose/commit to a particular option1. Identity diffusion: postponement of identity crisis- no exploration of questioning- no decision- life may be chaotic, disorganized- low levels of intimacy - essentially drifting... directionless2. Foreclosure: identity chosen in early adolescence - has made decision w/o exploration or questioning Factors: family goals/traditions, external locus of control, truly limited options3. Moratorium: those who are unable to make decisions and commitments - exploring & questioning- no decision- sense of urgency, anxious, but open to new experience 4. Identity achievement: individual commits to the option that bet fits their benefits, values, andoccupational goals- discovered through exploration- created/constructed by personal commitments- most matureoptimal progression of stages: foreclosure --> moratorium --> identity achievement1What percent of college students have achieved a clear sense of identity? 40%2What is MAMA? p. 353 & lecture. During adulthood- Moratoriumà IAàmoratoriumàIA1What is ethnic identity; bicultural identity, p. 354. oEthnic identity: an enduring aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group, along with the attitudes and feelings related to that membership oBicultural idenetity: Identifying both with ones own ethnic minority group and with the majoritycultureStability, p. 361-Costa & McRae, psychometric/traitp. 356, lecture. (BIG 5 - OCEAN).