Viewing bluegreen as the same colour word wise recent

This preview shows page 199 - 203 out of 214 pages.

viewing blue/green as the same colour, word-wise.recent studies have that language can indeed affectcolour perception against= this is based on casualobservation and not a cross cultural study(inuitthing).
18 Defineproblem solving. Specify and describeGreeno’s three classes of problems, and be able toprovide and recognize examples of each. (p. 365)Problem solving=active efforts to discover what must bedone to achieve a goal that is not readily attainable.1. Problems of inducing structure/require people todiscover the relationships among numbers, words,symbols and ideas i.e. complete the sentence:merchant: customer:sell: (product) . 2. problems ofarrangement/require people to arrange the parts ofa problem in a way that satisfies some criterion. canbe arranged many ways, but only a few will becorrect I.e. an anagram. 3. problems oftransformation/requires people to carry out asequence of transformations in order to reach aspecific goal I.e. getting everyone across the riverproblem.19 Specify four common obstacles to problem solving.Be able to provide and recognize originalexamples of each obstacle. Are adults and childrenequally vulnerable to each of these obstacles?Explain. (pp. 365-368)20 Defineproblem space,trial-and-error problemsolving,algorithms, andheuristics. Be able toprovide and recognize original examples of thesestrategies. Do algorithms guarantee success if a
solution to a problem exists? Do heuristicsguarantee success? Why, or why not? Explain. (pp.368-369)21 Describe the problem-solving strategies of thefollowing strateiges: (a) using subgoals, (b) workingbackward, (c) searching for analogies, (d) changingthe representation of the problem, and (e) using theincubation effect. Be able to provide and recognizeoriginal examples of these strategies. (pp. 369-372)(a) using subgoals-formulating intermediate stepstoward a solution i.e. finish this course, thenmove to the course that requires it as a pre-req.,(b) working backward-if lilies in a pond multiplyso that they cover a pond completely by the endof 60 days, on what day is it half-covered? thisis best worked backwards-how much is thepond covered on the 59th day?, (c) searching foranalogies-spot an analogy between problems,use the solution to a previous problem to solvea current one i.e. recognizing that bar graphsand histograms have a very similar structure, (d)changing the representation of the problem-visualize the problem, i.e. a diagram, birdquestion on page 371: is this question a matterof time or speed?, and (e) using the incubationeffect-when new solutions surface for apreviously unsolved problem after a period ofnot consciously thinking about the problem.
22 Definefield-dependenceandfield-independence.Be able to provide and recognize examples of field-dependent and field-independent cognitive styles.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 214 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
Psychology, B F Skinner, McCann

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture