Sophistication in technology 4 When was the first documented use of logistics? (year) 1861 5 When was the logistics role first used and recognized as an organization unto itself and not simply as an activity in more traditional organizations? (historical event) ww2 1 What business change concreted logistics as an essential element of business success? Dispersed industrialization manufacturing 2 Logistics is a derivative word having roots in both Greek and French, and it means what? Responsible for counting 3 What was the main contributor to the recognition of the logistics activity as a separate organization? Sophistication in technology 4 From historical origins, logistics was the activity of providing supplies supply 5
When did the logistics function become established in most major corporations and firms? 1960 1960 1980 2000 1945 6 What world leader stated, “An army marches on its stomach”? Napoleon Bonaparte Summary This node explored the history of the logistics function and the evolution of the theory of logistics, including the historical origin of logistics, activities that contributed to the current understanding of the logistics function, and how this has changed over the years into an integrated and global logistics approach. Reference Hugos, M. (2006). Essentials of supply chain management (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Supply Chain Management Definition Introduction This node will explore the definitions of supply chain management and the different ways that the term is used in organizations. It will continue with an overview of the supply chain management concept as both an organizational practice and a field of academic study. The different areas of study in the field of supply chain management will be discussed. The node will conclude with a review of the different elements of supply chain management. Learning Materials
Supply chain management is the coordination of products and or services, information, and finances as they move through the various phases from the customer, through the supplier, to the manufacture, and then back to the customer or end user. Supply chain management involves the coordination and integrations of the product and or service, information, and financial flow within and among the functions of companies. There are various ways to view the supply chain. The Supply Chain Council has developed the supply chain operational reference (SCOR) model (Supply Chain Council, 2011). The SCOR model consists of five processes: plan, source, make, deliver, and return. SCOR Model (Supply Chain Council, 2011) Supply Chain Phases The supply chain varies between products and services and from company to company. Typical phases in a product and service supply chain include propose, plan, source, order, execute, distribute, and reverse logistics. Multiple functions are involved at each phase in supply chain management. The phases are defined as follows: Propose : Usually led by the business acquisitions or marketing function with support from all functions expected to be involved. The proposal phase reviews the customer
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