● One more image paints churches as direct or indirect perpetrators. Churches promoted Anti- Semitic policies and therefore legitimated Hitler and the Nazi’s anti-Semitic policies. While no churches directly supported genocide they promoted a view that made anti-Semitism and genocide possible—they allowed for mass support of Nazi genocide ● Which of these three views would we say is the most typical? ● Nazism and Christianity—how do they work together? Was Nazism anti-Christian..? What might Nazism found positive in Christianity? ● One positive way was that Christianity basically invented the idea of Jews as evil= a lot of common ground that Nazism would find in Christianity ● Nazis might view it negatively because Christians viewed Jews as a religion that could be converted. Also the Bible says that Jews were the sons of god so therefore Christians are tainted by Jewish roots.
● Nazi 25 point plan had a point that called for a freedom of all religious confessions—just so long as they do not jeopardize the state or conflict with the German people—according with tradition Judaism did not go with German people. ● Positive view of Christianity for Nazis: 1933 Hitler assured both protestants and Catholics that he saw Churches as very important and that they could support nationalism. Hitler identified with Jesus, he built on the idea of Jesus as an Aryan hero combating Jews. He called Jesus a national leader who was against Jews. Evidence that Hitler did view as German churches as institutions tat could help facilitate anti-Semitism. Shows that Nazis viewed Christianity as a potential partner to help disseminate Anti-Semitism. ● Negative view of Christianity for Nazis: Nazis saw Roman Catholicism as linked to an international conspiracy—Nazis were state based and viewed international things as very suspect —no allegiance to a nation- dangerous. Hitler became critical of churches during rule, but he understood they were important to keep social stability. Even though he had disagreements with them and attacked them in certain instances but he was tactical and he understood he had to keep church support—even while he limited their power. He knew he needed support of all aspects of German society for the war effort. ● Used Christian churches to built nazi policies but Nazism was fundamentally anti- Christian ● Churches did not see the Jews the same way Nazis did as enemies of Germany. They were still a little anti-semitic, but didn’t see them as Germanies main problem: the prime enemies of Christianity were: a Secularization b Bolshevism* c Democracy/liberalization/parliamentary system* d Individualism* (nation higher than any individual) e Decline in morality* ■ *= share similarity to Nazism, these problems were all caused by the Jews for Nazis, so it could be seen that Christianity was Anti-Semitic, protestant in particular were aligned with these types of ideas as well.
- Summer '07
- The Bible, Germans