grow (Cunningham, Noble, Al-Modheffer, & Walsh, 2016). Anatomical abnormalities such as enlarged prostate, or horse-shoe shaped kidneys can contribute to urinary stasis which gives stones the optimal environment for formation (Cunningham, Noble, Al-Modhefer, & Walsh, 2016). Kidney stones contribute to the obstruction of urine flow, irritation of epithelial cells, and the entrapment of bacteria (Hammer & McPhee, 2014). Kidney stones can lead to urinary tract infections and varying degrees of kidney injuries. While kidney stones are seemingly painless, many patients report pain with the presence of kidney stones. The pain is attributed to the contraction of the smooth muscle of the kidney as a response to move the stone (Cunningham, Noble, Al-Modhefer, & Walsh, 2016). Nausea and vomiting are attributed to the obstruction of urinary flow, and hydronephrosis (Cunningham et al., 2016). References Cunningham, P., Noble, H., Al-Modhefer, A.-K., & Walsh, I. (2016). Kidney stones: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. British Journal of Nursing, 25 (20), 1112- 1116. Hammer, G. G., & McPhee, S. (2014). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine. (7 th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6 th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Introduction to advanced pathophysiology. Baltimore, MD: Author. Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the "Post to Discussion Question" link and then select "Create Thread" to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit! Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses. By Day 6 Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different disorders and factors than you, in the following ways: Share insights on how the factor you selected impacts the pathophysiology of the disorder your colleague selected. Expand on your colleague’s posting by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives based on readings and evidence.
Response One Eyerusalem I enjoyed reading the information that you gathered on TB. I have only encountered three times in my nursing career of patients with active TB that were coming to the hospital for treatment. One study on homelessness and TB concluded that being homeless in the year prior to the diagnosis of TB increased TB chances by 130% (Agarwal, Nguyen, & Graviss, 2018). TB is a difficult infection to treat, as it requires daily treatment for nine months of Isoniazid, and daily treatment of Rifampin for four months.
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- Spring '15
- The Hours, Kidney stone