Purposive Communication.docx

A number of resources are available to address these

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unique, and often the most ethical choice is not readily apparent. A number of resources are available to address these complexities. C. Standard English ( SE , also standardized English ) refers to the dialect of English language that is used as the national norm— the standard language —in an English-speaking country , especially as the language for public and formal usage. In England and Wales, the term standard English is associated with British English , the Received Pronunciation accent, and the United Kingdom Standard English (UKSE) grammar and vocabulary. In Scotland, the standard dialect is Scottish Standard English ; in the United States, General American is the standard variety spoken in that country; and in Australia the national standard is called General Australian English. Although a standard English is generally the most formal version of the language, a range of registers exists within any standardized English, as is often seen when comparing a newspaper article with an academic paper, for example. A distinction also may be drawn between spoken and written usage. Spoken dialects are looser than their written counterparts, and quicker to accept new grammatical forms and vocabulary. The various geographical varieties form a generally accepted set of rules, often those established by grammarians of the 18th century. English originated in England during the Anglo-Saxon period , and is now spoken as a first or second language in many countries of the world, many of which have developed one or more "national standards" (though this does not refer to published standards documents , but to frequency of consistent usage). English is the first language of the majority of the population in a
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number of countries , including the United Kingdom , the United States , Canada , Ireland , Australia , New Zealand , Jamaica , Trinidad and Tobago , the Bahamas and Barbados and is an official language in many others , including; India , Pakistan , the Philippines , South Africa and Nigeria . As the result of colonisation and historical migrations of English-speaking populations, and the predominant use of English as the international language of trade and commerce (a lingua franca ), English has also become the most widely used second languages. In countries where English is neither a native language nor widely spoken, a non-native variant (typically English English or North American English ) might be considered "standard" for teaching purposes. In some areas a pidgin or creole language , blends English with one or more native languages. World Englishes is a term for emerging localized or indigenized varieties of English, especially varieties that have developed in territories influenced by the United Kingdom or the United States. The study of World Englishes consists of identifying varieties of English used in diverse sociolinguistic contexts globally and analyzing how sociolinguistic histories, multicultural backgrounds and contexts of function influence the use of English in different regions of the world.
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  • Fall '16
  • Jeff Smith

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