E to do y instead of x where y is different from x

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otherwise (i.e., to do Y instead of X, where Y is different from X). The problem is when one understands this definition as meaning that the action X could not have been determined by the agent’s psychological states.
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If one understands it in that way, then one understands free will as indeterminism and that is obviously incompatible with determinism. Y _____ X (not fully determined at t by the psychological states of the object) So we need a new and correct definition of free will. We can take our clue from common usage. Free act: those whose immediate causes are psychological states in the agent. Unfree acts: those whose immediate causes are states of affairs external to the agent. We could modify the old definition in the following way: If an action X is free, then it must have been possible for the agent to have done otherwise (i.e., to do Y instead of X, where Y is different from X) if he wanted to. Ayer People not only have strange ideas about free will, but also about determinism. What ideas? Determinism is not constraint, coercion, or compulsion. Say, everything is determined by laws of nature, but laws of nature do not constrain us. Determinism is not constraint, coercion, or compulsion. Determinism is not fatalism. Fatalism – whatever is going to happen will happen no matter what. Determinism – what we do and decide makes a difference. Criticism Surface freedoms: the ability to satisfy one’s desires. Deep freedoms: the ability to determine one’s desires, to have control over what one wills or wants. Compatibilism: To be free is 1) to have the power or ability to do what we want or desire to do 2) an absence of constraints or impediments preventing us from doing what we want to do Compatibilism has problems captures the surface freedoms. Can it capture the deep freedoms?
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