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(NB. irregular in dative and abl. plural, both are deabus)goddessdeity, deify, deification, divine, divinity,adieudeus, dei, m.goddominus, -i, m.masterdominate, dominion, domineer, predominance,predominate equus, equi, m.horseequestrian, equine, equestrienne filia, -ae f. (NB. irregular in daughterfilial, affiliate
dative and abl. Plural, both are filiabus) filius, fili, m.(NB, words that end in -ius can have the gen. singending in -i or -ii! stem = fili-)sonliberi, liberorum, m. (NB plural only; comes from the Latin word liber, free)childrenmagistra, magistrae, f.teacher, (female)magistrate, maestro, mastermagister, magistri, m.teacher, (male)patria, -ae, f. fatherland, native countrypatriotic, patriotpuer, pueri, m.boypuerile, puerility Romana, -ae, fRoman (female) RomanRomanus, -i, m .Roman (male) servus, -i, m.slave, servant servitude, servile, service, servitude, subservientvir, viri, m.man, herovirile, virilityLatinPronunciationEnglish Meaning Derivativesbellum, -i, n.warbelligerent, rebel, rebellion, duel,rebellious consilium, plan, counselcounsel
consili, n.(NB Just like 2nddeclension masculine words, the neuter ones that end in "-ium" can have the genitive -i, or -ii; the stem has the "i-". e.g. consili-) frumentum, -i, n.grainfrumentaceousoppidum, -i, n.townoppidianpericulum, -i, n. dangerperilous, imperil, perilproelium, proeli, n.battlesacrificium, sacrifici, n.(NB Just like 2nddeclension masculine words, the neuter ones that end in "-ium" can have the genitive -i, or -ii; the stem has the "i-". e.g. sacrifici-) sacrificesacrificialsignum, -i, n.sign, symbol, signalsignify, significance, assign, consign, designate, ensign, resign,signet, signaturetemplum, -i, n.templetemplar, contemplate
servo, -are, -avi, -atussave, guard(NB. not serve!)conservation, conservatory, observe, preserve, preservation, reserve, reservation, reservoirspero, -are, -avi, -atushopedespair, desperation, desperadomoxsoonnon iam no longer nuncnowolimonce, once upon a timeThe Vocative CaseThe Vocative (coming from voco meaning to call) is easy. When your Mom says, "Johnny, clean your room.", Johnny is the vocative (noun of address) and clean is the imperative (command). Vocatives and imperatives usually go hand-in-hand. The vocative endings are usually just like the nominative endings. Examples:NominativeVocativeCorneliaCorneliapuerpuerreginareginaIuliaIuliaBut there are two exceptions:1. 2nd Declension masculine nouns ending in -uschange to -e.NominativeVocative
Examples:MarcusMarceservusservedominusdomineRomulusRomule2. 2nd Declension masculine nouns ending in -iuschange to-i. Examples:NominativeVocativeIuliusIuliLuciusLucifiliusfiliPubliusPubliThe vocative plural is always the same as the nominative plural.NominativeSingularVocativeSingularNominativePlural VocativePluralpuellapuellapuellaepuellaeservusserveserviservifiliusfilifiliifiliiImperatives: are commandsare always second person (you understood is the subject) are present tense (at least the ones we will work with)have two forms: singular and pluralSingular Imperative is the present stem of the verb (the second principle part minus the -re)