NB irregular in dative and abl plural both are deabus goddess deity deify

Nb irregular in dative and abl plural both are deabus

This preview shows page 17 - 23 out of 77 pages.

(NB. irregular in dative and abl. plural, both are deabus) goddess deity, deify, deification , divine, divinity, adieu deus, dei, m. god dominus, -i, m. master dominate, dominion, domineer, predominance, predominate equus, equi, m. horse equestrian, equine, equestrienne filia, -ae f. (NB. irregular in daughter filial, affiliate
dative and abl. Plural, both are filiabus) filius, fili, m. (NB, words that end in -ius can have the gen. sing ending in -i or -ii! stem = fili-) son liberi, liberorum, m. (NB plural only; comes from the Latin word liber, free) children magistra, magistrae, f. teacher, (female) magistrate, maestro, master magister, magistri, m. teacher, (male) patria, -ae, f. fatherland, native country patriotic, patriot puer, pueri, m. boy puerile, puerility Romana, -ae, f Roman (female) Roman Romanus, -i, m . Roman (male) servus, -i, m. slave, servant servitude, servile, service, servitude, subservient vir, viri, m. man, hero virile, virility Latin Pronunciation English Meaning Derivatives bellum, -i, n. war belligerent, rebel, rebellion, duel, rebellious consilium, plan, counsel counsel
consili, n. (NB Just like 2nd declension masculine words, the neuter ones that end in "-ium" can have the genitive -i, or -ii; the stem has the "i-". e.g. consili-) frumentum, -i, n. grain frumentaceous oppidum, -i, n. town oppidian periculum, -i, n. danger perilous, imperil, peril proelium, proeli, n. battle sacrificium, sacrifici, n. (NB Just like 2nd declension masculine words, the neuter ones that end in "-ium" can have the genitive -i, or -ii; the stem has the "i-". e.g. sacrifici-) sacrifice sacrificial signum, -i, n. sign, symbol, signal signify, significance, assign, consign, designate, ensign, resign, signet, signature templum, -i, n. temple templar, contemplate
servo, -are, -avi, -atus save, guard (NB. not serve!) conservation, conservatory, observe, preserve, preservation, reserve, reservation, reservoir spero, -are, -avi, -atus hope despair, desperation, desperado mox soon non iam no longer nunc now olim once, once upon a time The Vocative Case The Vocative (coming from voco meaning to call) is easy. When your Mom says, "Johnny, clean your room.", Johnny is the vocative (noun of address) and clean is the imperative (command). Vocatives and imperatives usually go hand-in-hand. The vocative endings are usually just like the nominative endings . Examples: Nominative Vocative Cornelia Cornelia puer puer regina regina Iulia Iulia But there are two exceptions: 1. 2nd Declension masculine nouns ending in -us change to -e . Nominative Vocative
Examples: Marcus Marc e servus serv e dominus domin e Romulus Romul e 2. 2nd Declension masculine nouns ending in -ius change to -i . Examples : Nominative Vocative Iulius Iul i Lucius Luc i filius fil i Publius Publ i The vocative plural is always the same as the nominative plural. Nominative Singular Vocative Singular Nominative Plural Vocative Plural puella puella puellae puellae servus serve servi servi filius fili filii filii Imperatives: are commands are always second person (you understood is the subject) are present tense (at least the ones we will work with) have two forms: singular and plural Singular Imperative is the present stem of the verb (the second principle part minus the -re)
e.g.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture