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Film director Spike Lee asked Gang Staffto create a theme for the 1990 film Mo’ Better Blues •Gang Strrr created “Jazz Thing” for the Soundtrack “Jazz Thing” Analysis •Lyrics are largely a chronology of Jazz from days of the Chain Gang to the present •Lyrics touch on several societal issues •One verse deals specifically with John Coltrane “John Coltrane, a man supreme He was the cream, he was the wise one The impression of Afro Blue and of the promise That was not kept, he was a giant step” •At first glance, the lyrics refer to many of Coltrane’s compositions, including: •Dr. Jesse Stuart suggests that the line, “the promise that was not kept” hints at the oppressive social conditions that surrounded Coltrane’s music, Jazz, Hip-hop and the more generally the African American experience •Song brings the sulutral appropriation of African American culture to attention, as well as co-opting of the innovations of African American musicians by white musicians - in Particular Paul Whitman “King of Jazz” (self proclaimed) during Swing Era (1930’s) •There was a creation of a parallel historical narrative that ignores African American Origins of Jazz: “Now listen see, the real mystery is how music history Created by white men or any other white man That pretended he originated And contended that he innovated a jazz thing Of course we know who can really blow Scheamin' on the meaning of a jazz thing”2) Stetasonic•Members:- MC Delite - Fruckwan - Prince Paul - DBC •Origin: Brooklyn. NYC •“Talkin All that Jazz” was a response to a radio broadcast by James Mtume on Kiss FM in 1988 that was critical of hip-hop •Liner Notes to in Full Bear (1988), rap is “the most progressive music since Jazz) •“Progressive” used here in relation to advancements made by African American musicians in general •Rap was a “Progressive” new development for African American cultural progress, contradicts critics notations that deny hip-hop the status of art
A Tribe Called Quest •Members: -Q-Tip -Komoal Ibn John Fareed -Malik Taylor •Origin: St. Albans, Queens, NYC •Part of the Native Tongues Collective •Collaborated with Jazz bassist Ron Carter on “Versus from the Abstract” Digable Planets •Members: -Mary Ann “Ladybug Mecca” Vieria -Ishmael “Butterfly” Butler -Craig “Doodlebug” Irving •Origin: Brooklyn NY •Brought Jazz Rap Commercial and critical acceptance with their 1992 album, “Reachin (A New Reflection of Time and Space) and the Single “Rebirth of Slick (Cool like Day)” •“Rebirth of Slick (Cool like Day)” reached #15 on Billboard 200 chart •Won grammy award for best performance in 1994
Session 7: Week 8 Material Gangsta-Rap •Gangsta-Rap is a subgenera that hip-hop music that evolved from hardcore hip-hop and (purports) claims to reflect urban crime and the violent lifestyles of inner-city youth Compton’s Most Wanted •Founders:Mc Chill (Tha Chill), MC Eiht •Origin:Compton, California •Track, “Hood Took Me Under”was sampled by Notorious BIG for the track “Warning” on Ready to Die •Both tracks were originally sampled from Issac Hayes’ track