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6.What is the “Prince and the Cobbler” example and what does it demonstrate?1.Why and how does Reid object to Locke?2.How does Reid define the self and what is his theory of personal identity?3.How is Reid’s account similar to Locke’s?4.What is the “Officer and the General” example and what does it demonstrate?VI. Hume1.What are impressions and ideas?2.How are simple impressions and simple ideas different from complex impressions and complex ideas? How are they related?3.How does Hume define the ‘self’? How does this differ from Locke’s view? Reid’s view?4.How are impressions and ideas related to Hume’s understanding of the self?
Free WillFree Will Thesis -An act is only free if the agent could have done otherwiseMoral Responsibility- we can only punish people for being immoral if they have the choice to bemoral DeterminismThe theory that every event is determined according to previous events and the laws of naturePast events + Laws of nature = current eventP1. If determinism is true then every human action is casually necessitatedP2. Then no one can act otherwiseP3. One only has free will if you can act otherwiseP4. Determinism is trueC. No one has free willD’HolbachMan the “machine”- subject to the laws of motionWe act according the pleasure/pain principleWe act according to self-preservationWe choose our strongest desireIncompatibilism(freedom and determinism)P1. Free will is incompatible with determinismP2. Humans do possess free willC. So, determinism is falseWe are moralWe believe we have power to make choicesWe have the power over our actionsHumeOur actions aren’t random but are b/c of our characteristicsActions can be predicted b/c of thisCould choose differently had we different desires, values and beliefsProblem of free will is just how we define freedomFrankfurtHierarchy of desires and willingsFirst-order desire – directed on an objectSecond- order desire – desire directed on a desire (ex: desire not to desire)Second-order volition- a second order desire which we act on (this is the only form of free will)