Roosevelts reputation of breaking trusts made other behave better Charles Evans

Roosevelts reputation of breaking trusts made other

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Roosevelt’s reputation of breaking trusts made other behave better Charles Evans Hughes: reformist Republican governor who investigated poor company trust practices Outdoors Reform Newlands Act: Sets aside 150 acres for national parks, creates Yosemite National Park for raising public money and lodging Roosevelt Dam in 1911 on the AZ Salt River The Sierra Club, helped promote protection of environment and nature Boy Scouts of America: conservation youth group Gifford Pinchot: make use of natural resources while conserving them Hetch Hetchy Controversy: a dam or a reservoir, dam wins Forest Service, Bureau of Reclamation Policies Initiative, Referendum, and Recall, 1906 Initiative: voters could directly propose legislation themselves Referendum: Placed laws on the ballot for final approval by the people Recall: enabled voters to remove faithless elected officials Corrupt Practices Acts: Attempt to limit and regulate the size and sources of contributions and expenditures in political campaigns Australian Ballot use Aldrich Vreeland Act of 1908: authorized national banks to issue emergency currency backed by various kinds of collateral New nationalism: doctrine of heavy government intervention for social justice Cities Galveston, T X expert staffed commissions handling foreign affairs City Manager System: A professional city manager is hired to run each department of the city and report directly to the city council The Square Deal Control of Corporations Consumer Protection Conservation of natural resources Tested in coal strike Taft: goes from Progressivist to conservative Election of 1908: when Roosevelt won’t run a third term, he advocates for William Howard Taft and wins-- Roosevelt regrets it Taft vs Debs
Taft had never been in office, former Secretary of War, Supreme Justice of the Court People become split in the Republican party-- either old, saying he is too progressivist and favoring corporations and tariffs, or not progressive enough-- Taft Law Reform 16th AMD: a graduated income tax Mann-Elkins Act: extends the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate telegraphs Ballinger Pinchot Controversy: 1910, the Secretary of International Affairs, Ballinger, opens set aside land for public development, Gifford Pinchot, friend of Roosevelt, criticizes Ballinger so Taft fires him Trusts: Breaks all trusts, the good and bad-- Standard Oil and US Steel are broken-- Roosevelt gets mad at this and is motivated to run in the next election Rule of Reason: a doctrine that only those trusts unreasonably restrained trade were illegal, Congress’s response to his trust breaking Passive with Congress Payne Aldrich Tariff: 1909, Taft had run for election saying he’d lower the tariff, when he does, Senate bumps it up and Taft agrees to it anyways then keeps vetoing other bills passed by the progressive Congress Outdoors Bureau of Mines: control mineral resources

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