So the patient can experience the following depending on the severity Blood

So the patient can experience the following depending

This preview shows page 23 - 25 out of 26 pages.

So, the patient can experience the following (depending on the severity): Blood sugar issues Ascites Malabsorption (weight loss problems) GI issues (diarrhea, pain, oily stools) Shock…multi-organ failure respiratory distress Internal Bleeding…hemorrhage Structure changes of the pancreas: fibrosis, cysts (filled with infection, rupture, hemorrhage), abscesses, duct changes Acute Pancreatitis: Sudden inflammation of the pancreas due to something that has triggered the digestive enzymes to become activated inside the organ (there will be a high amylase and lipase level in the blood ). The pancreas starts to digest itself and swell. As the pancreas digests itself, the tissue dies, and cysts or abscesses can form out of the dead tissue (which can rupture or hemorrhage). In addition, due to the location of the pancreas and how it surrounds the other organs the inflammation and activated digestive enzymes can spread to other organs and damage vessels/organs (ex: lungs) which can lead to internal bleeding, respiratory distress etc. It comes on quickly and if treated promptly it can be reversed. Typically, there is limited structural damage to the pancreas because it can be reversed with proper treatment (not the case with chronic pancreatitis). It can be fatal (can easily lead to chronic pancreatitis) and can last for several days. Most common causes are gallstones and high amount of alcohol consumption . Chronic Pancreatitis: Chronic inflammation of the pancreas (can be from repeated episodes of acute pancreatitis but most commonly due to years of alcohol abuse ) that has led to irreversible damage to the structure of pancreas which may lead to: loss of the function of the endocrine and exocrine cells (digestion and blood glucose problems) damaged ducts fibrosis pancreas may become enlarged or shrunk cysts and calcification patient doesn’t get better and damage is irreversible
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Acute pancreatitis: Main causes gallstones and high alcohol consumption High Alcohol Consumption : Alcohol damages the cells of the pancreas specifically the acinar cells along with duct cells (remember they produce bicarbonate and fluids), and that can lead to pancreatic duct occlusion due to the thickening of the fluid that lines the pancreatic ducts and this can lead to the activation of the enzyme cells inside the pancreas. other causes infection, tumor, medications, trauma Chronic pancreatitis: Main cause is heavy-long term alcohol consumption Recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis from alcohol consumption leads to the damage of the pancreatic ducts/acinar cells and this can lead to scar tissue to form. The chronic inflammation of pancreatitis slowly destroys the pancreas overtime (patient needs to avoid alcohol completely). Another cause: Cystic fibrosis : Patients with this condition are lacking the protein CFTR .
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