Storming and performing can occur simultaneously and

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Storming and performing can occur simultaneously, and groups can even regress to previous stages. A strong organizational context surrounding the tasks of a specific job provides rules, task definitions, information, and resources needed for the team to perform. example: Bank tellers from one bank can work at other banks. The Punctuated-Equilibrium Model: Temporary groups with deadlines have their own unique sequence of action (or inaction): The first meeting sets the group’s direction. The first phase of group activity is one of inertia. A transition takes place exactly when the group has used up half its allotted time.
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This transition initiates major changes. A second phase of inertia follows the transition. The group’s last meeting is characterized by markedly accelerated activity. Exhibit 6-3: The Punctuated Equilibrium Model Phase 1: First meeting sets the team’s direction. A framework of behavioural patterns and assumptions through which the team will approach its project emerges, sometimes in the first few seconds of the team’s life. Once set, the team’s direction is unlikely to be re-examined throughout the first half of the team’s life. → Period of inertia - The team tends to stand still or become locked into a fixed course of action. Even if it gains new insights that challenge initial patterns and assumptions, th team is incapable of acting on these new insights in Phase 1. The team is performing at a relatively low state. Phase 2: Teams experienced their transition precisely halfway between the first meeting and the official deadline. The midpoint appears to work like an alarm clock, heightening members’ awareness that their time is limited and that they need to get moving. This transition ends Phase 1 and is characterized by a concentrated burst of changes, dropping old patterns, and adoption of new perspectives. The transition sets a revised direction for Phase 2, which is a new equilibrium or period of inertia. In this phase, the team executes plans created during the transition period. The team's last meeting is characterized by a final burst of activity to finish its work. Applying the Punctuated-Equilibrium Model: We can use this model to describe typical experiences of student teams created for doing group term projects. The punctuated-equilibrium model characterizes deadline-oriented teams as exhibiting long periods of inertia, interspersed with brief revolutionary changes triggered primarily by their members’ awareness of time and deadlines. In Five-Stage model terminology: The team begins by combining the forming, and norming stages Then goes through a period of low performing followed by storming
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Then a period of high performing Then finally, adjourning .
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  • Spring '08
  • fatin
  • team effectiveness

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