independent and prosperous enough to respond in spontaneous private

Independent and prosperous enough to respond in

This preview shows page 79 - 82 out of 280 pages.

independent and prosperous enough to respond in spontaneous private initiative.Whether they were poor charges in Fuga’s Albergo dei Poveri or in Marie Therese’s wealthy Milan, the Enlightenment approach was the same: to stimulate subjects to become active agents of their own reform. Piermarini took on many private commissions that are each shining examples of how enlightened rule stimulated independent initiative.With Piermarini’s expertise, Prince Alberigo Barbiano di Belgioioso d’Este, protector of the Brera and captain of the archduke’s royal guard, was happy to do his part. For his new palazzo, he dumped several rather splendiferous proposals in favor of Piermarini’s more contained classical design.Within the dense medieval fabric of the city, before a narrow but regular piazza, Piermarini produced for Belgioioso a miniature Caserta.The facade is underscored by continuous horizontal striations while the pilasters draw vertical accents at its three entrances for a discrete tripartite scansion. Here, the elements of the Reggia are subtly rearranged to modest but entirely effective results. Piermarini’s sense of control is carried throughout the building in evenly distributed rooms largely decorated by Albertolli.The Palazzo Belgioioso has smaller and more domestic spaces than in the patrician palaces of the previous generation, and its style served as a model for generations to come. 79 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
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the architecture of modern italy 1.26 Giuseppe Piermarini with Giocondo Albertolli, Palazzo and Piazza Belgioioso, Milan, 1772–81. Engraving by Domenico Aspari, Vedute di Milano , 1788 1.27 Giuseppe Piermarini,Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1776–78. Painting by Angelo Inganni, 1852 1.28 Teatro alla Scala. Interior view during a recital by Renata Tebaldi, 1974
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Belgioioso may also have gotten Piermarini the commission for what would be the architect’s most famous work: the Teatro alla Scala.The world-renowned theater lies at the heart of Enlightenment Milan, a cultural locus and catalyst of paramount importance.The origins of this theater lie in the burnt ruins of an earlier theater once located within the old Palazzo Ducale.This popular auditorium burned during Piermarini’s renovation work on the palace, in February 1776. No one was particularly surprised.Theater fires were frequent, and the archduke purportedly didn’t like the idea of such a venue in the palace in the first place.The fire, perhaps an arson, provided the opportunity to modernize not only the theater’s interior appointments but also its urban profile. In the eighteenth century, Milanese theaters were managed by clubs of private individuals, usually noble devotees, who were given opera boxes, or palchi , in exchange for financing. In the case of the former Teatro Ducale, the palchettisti included Alberigo Belgioioso. In March 1776, the palchettisti , discreetly guided by Archduke Ferdinand, formulated a proposal for a new theater to be built of masonry at a new site by Piermarini.Authorization came through Kaunitz in July,
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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