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Article 2, Section 2 of the Constitution states the powers granted to the President. It statesthat the President is commander-in-chief of the military, which creates a Cabinet of senior executive officers who assist the President in his duties. The Advice and Consent law states that the President can use his powers with the help and approval of Congress. Finally, the President has the power to appoint officers during recesses of the Senate (US Const. Article II Sec. 2). Checks and Balances of Power
5The separation of powers is a political doctrine of constitutional law in which the three branches of government are kept separate to prevent abuse of power. Also known as the system of checks and balances, each branch is given certain powers so as to check and balance the other branches (“Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute, n.d.).The main concern was that the Constitution would give too much power to one branch and create a tyranny which they had left in the first place. This concern was resolvedwith the
6presentation of separation of powers which divided responsibilities up between the three branches, requiring them to work together. Roles and Responsibilities of the President and Evolution of Presidential PowerThe President’s responsibilities include negotiating treaties, with the advice of the Senate,serving as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the United States and receive representatives from foreign nations (Krutz, 2017, para.12).The President “shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment” (US Const. Article II, Sec). Article II of the Constitution goes on to state that the President has to give Congress occassional information via a state of the union address as well as ensure that all laws are faithfully executed. With the expansion of the United States and it’s population since the Constitution was enacted, there have been several unforseen changes or additions to the President’s powers. With the role of the federal government expanding throughout the last century, the federal bureaucracyhas expanded, which also expands the President’s power to create agencies like the Secret Service and the Federeal Bereau of Investigation. “The increasing complexity and size of the domestic economy have led people in the United States to look to the Federal Government more often for solutions” (Krutz, 2017, para.12). According to Krutz, 2017, the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 passed budget responsibilities from Congress to the Executive branch while also appointing the President as Chief Budget Agenda Setter.How Bills Become LawsThe process of passing a bill has changed from the process that the founders laid out.
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United States Congress, United States Senate, United States House of Representatives