honest, effective IG, who appoints honest, effective DIGs, it filters down [to] the police station. So if we are voting on the issue of the police, we are not looking for 138Crisis Group interview, Islamabad, February 2013. Grade 22 is the bureaucracy’s highest. 139At the federal level, the NRB was restructured as a 22-member “policy analysis unit”. Syed Irfan Raza, “Functions of NRB given to provinces”, Dawn, 16 July 2010. 140Crisis Group interview, Islamabad, May 2013. In September 2011, the National Assembly’s stand-ing committee on water and power described PEPCO as “the most corrupt and inefficient” public entity. In August 2013, the Sharif government launched an investigation into corruption and mis-management at Pakistan Steel Mills that has allegedly caused losses of billions of rupees. In mid-September 2013, the prime minister decided to partially privatise PIA to reduce monthly losses of 3.3 billion rupees (over $30 million). See “Pepco most corrupt, inefficient: NA committee”, Dawn, 7 September 2011; Zafar Bhutta, “Government kicks off probe into steel mill corruption”, TheEx-press Tribune, 7 August 2013; and Khawar Ghumman, “26 pc of PIA shares to be privatised”, Dawn, 13 September 2013. 141See Crisis Group Report, Reforming Pakistan’s Civil Service, op. cit., p. 16.
Parliament’s Role in Pakistan’s Democratic Transition Crisis Group Asia Report N°249, 18 September 2013 Page 28 a local MNA who can help us out with the SHO. We are looking for the party that wants a good police force and will appoint good people at the top.142This view was endorsed by several party workers in Punjab.143A common criticism of legislators, even in parliament, is that they focus almost exclusively on their con-stituencies at the cost of national policymaking. Regressive reforms, such as Zia’s dis-cretionary funds, have encouraged this tendency. The 2013 elections demonstrated the limits of fragmented, localised politics, as the electorate ousted several incum-bents who had reportedly channelled massive funds to their constituencies, but whose parties failed to deliver better governance.144Holding the judiciary at bay 3.While in opposition and mainly to pressure the PPP-led government, the PML-N repeatedly petitioned the judiciary to adjudicate policy matters. For instance, in November 2011, Nawaz Sharif petitioned the Supreme Court to investigate claims by a Pakistani-American businessman that the ambassador to the U.S., Hussain Haq-qani, had dictated a memorandum at President Zardari’s behest, seeking Washing-ton’s help in averting a military takeover following the May U.S. raid in Abbottabad that killed Osama bin Laden.145The PML-N approached the Supreme Court, although a parliamentary commission had been formed to investigate. The Supreme Court formed a three-member commission, consisting of Chief Justices of three High Courts that submitted its findings in June 2012. Going well beyond its fact-finding man-date, it called for Haqqani to be charged with treason.