To be suc cessful in the global marketplace

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the constraints of time zones or national boundaries. To be suc- cessful in the global marketplace, businesses also need to be able to communicate and exchange information outside of these con- straints. In addition, the increasing use of high-speed communication technologies for information exchange has changed the expec- tations in many industries. Businesses are no longer willing to wait for information to be delivered via the mail but need and expect it immediately in order to keep their processes going. The increasing ability to communicate has also resulted in enterprises becoming more aware of what is going on in other departments and functions within the organization as well as forming strate- gic alliances with other enterprises for their mutual benefit. This trend extends to suppliers and agencies that have an impact on the enterprise's functioning. Communications networks can be used for a number of pur- poses. One of the most common uses of network capabilities is the electronic transmission of messages and documents. These capa- Abstract Overview Applications Terms & Concepts Bibliography Suggested Reading Table of Contents
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Page 2 EBSCO Research Starters ® • Copyright © EBSCO Information Services, Inc. • All Rights Reserved Communications, Networking & Security bilities include email, voicemail, electronic document exchange, electronic funds transfer, and Internet access. In addition, com- munications networks can be used for purposes of e-commerce to buy and sell goods or services, including products and infor- mation retrieval services, electronically rather than through conventional means. Networks also support group activities such as the ability to hold meetings with participants at geographi- cally dispersed sites. Audio and videoconferencing capabilities combined with electronic document exchange capabilities can obviate the need for extensive travel to meetings. Although data communications and networking bring capabili- ties to businesses that enhance performance and allow them to do things that were previously more laborious and time-con- suming, the use of this technology is not without its risks and complications. Without adequate safeguards in place, networked computers are open to both external and internal attacks. Such attacks can affect the validity of data, the reliability of network processes, and harm not only the organization's reputation and ability to do business but the customer's security and safety as well. The impact of security breaches on the customer can range from false charges to the theft of sensitive information or even identity theft of the individuals whose data are contained in compromised databases. Therefore, it is essential that a busi- ness protect its information technology assets. The destruction or sabotage of information technology hardware, software, or data can be expensive for the organization. However, software not only can be erased, it can also be altered or corrupted so that it produces invalid results or so that the system becomes unreliable or unusable.
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  • Spring '12
  • Kushal Kanwar
  • Computer Security, Computer network, EBSCO Information Services, EBSCO Research Starters®

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