29 for example 39 of the battered women said that

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29For example, 39% of the battered women said that their partners had tried to get them to act out pornographic scenes they’d been shown, as compared to 3% of other women.30The batterer’s use of pornography and alcohol significantly increases a battered woman’s odds of being sexually abused. Pornography alone increases the odds by a factor of almost two, and the combination of pornography and alcohol increases the odds by a factor of three.31Forty percent of abused women indicated that their partner used violent pornography. Of those whose partners used pornography, 53% said that they had been asked or forced to enact scenes that they had been shown and 26 percent had been 27Seto, Cantor & Blanchard (2006) 28Barak, Fisher, Belfry & Lashambe (1999) 29Sommers & Check (1987) 30Sommers & Check (1987) 31Shope (2004)
reminded of pornography by abuser during the abuse. Of the forty percent of the abused women had been raped, 73 percent stated that their partners had used pornography. These studies may not indicate that pornography causes battering but they do suggest that battering may be expanded to include sexual violence when pornography is involved. Prostitution, partners, and deviance Men who go to prostitutes are twice as likely to have watched a pornographic movie over the last year (66%) than a national sample (33%). Men who go to prostitutes frequently are more likely to have seen a pornographic movie (74%) than those who have gone to a prostitute only once (53%). The same pattern is seen with the use of pornographic magazines; men who go to prostitutes frequently are more likely to have seen a pornographic magazine in the last year (75%) than men who have gone to a prostitute only once (56%).32Exposure to pornography leads men to rate their female partners as less attractive than they would have had they not been exposed33and to be less satisfied with their partners’ attractiveness, sexual performance, and level of affection, and expressed a greater desire for sex without emotional involvement.34Undergraduate men who regularly viewed pornography spontaneously generated more sexual terms to describe the construct “women” than did those who viewed pornography less regularly.35Paraphilias are psychiatric disorders of sexuality as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manualof the American Psychiatric Association. Paraphilia used to be called sexual perversion or sexual deviance. These are behaviors in which the object of the sexual desire is abnormal (e.g., an animal), or the behavior itself is sexually abnormal (e.g., sadomasochism). Some paraphilias can be engaged in alone (e.g., fetishism), and some involve people who do not consent (e.g., exhibitionism). Sexual deviance can be learned. Some men may initially look at deviant pornography out of curiosity. Some may move up to harder kinds because softer material no longer 32Monto (1999) 33(Weaver, Masland, & Zillmann, 1984) 34Zillmann & Bryant, 1988) 35Frable , Johnson and Kellman (1997)
arouses them. Either way they may learn deviant beliefs and behavior from it. Things that

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