Ethnocentric term applied to a person who does not practice cultural relativity

Ethnocentric term applied to a person who does not

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Ethnocentric : term applied to a person who does not practice cultural relativity and who believes that his or her own habits are superior in some way to those of another culture.
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People’s food relationships With their gods With food taboos and injunctions With the role of foods in how people were ranked socially With cannibalism With foods considered by some cultures especially disagreeable, exotic, or repulsive
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Food was an instrument for the study of other things… Loyalties Relationships to others Religion What could food be used for?
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Novelists, filmmakers, poets, and songwriters… Ingestion and sexuality, both intimate manifestations of our nature as living creatures, stand in different but parallel relationships to our human consciousness.
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Food Is any substance that provides the nutrients necessary to maintain life and growth when ingested.
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Eating is distinguished from feeding by the ways in which humans use food Gather, hunt, cultivate plants and raise livestock Create rules regarding how to use food Eating standards Food habits
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Food habits The way in which humans use food How it is selected, obtained, and distributed Who prepares it, serves it, eats it
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Development of food habits Physical needs Social needs Belongingness Status Self-realization
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Food choice Taste/flavor principles: Color Aroma Taste Sweet, sour, salty, bitter Cost Convenience
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Food as self-expression “Restaurant” comes from the French for restorative” and was first used in the 1800’s.
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Choice may change….. Infants Children Young adults Middle-age Old age
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Comfort Foods “Comfort foods are foods whose consumption evoke a psychologically pleasurable state for a person.” Whatever the trigger, the emotions evoked by food are powerful factors in the human drive to eat.
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Symbolic Uses of Food It is the symbolic use of food that is important to each cultural group.
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What is religion? System of beliefs expressed through rituals and symbols. Religious behavior includes: Chants, prayers, myths, talks, ethical standards, and concepts of supernatural beings . Important influences on diet through religious ceremonies.
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Sacred Foods The spiritual essence of all things that sustain human life on earth. The offering of food is the most direct method of communication and exchange between one person and another, requiring neither language nor learning.
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Religion provides people with… explanations for Illness Death Natural disasters Ritual practices for controlling supernatural forces. a way to reduce anxieties associated with the unknown.
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Religious ritual practices Are seen as a way to enlist cooperation of supernatural forces and ensure a successful outcome.
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