49. This legislation became effective on September 28, 2014. M ASS . G EN . L AWS ch. 111, § 231 (2014). 50. Those states are Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Nurse Staffing , supra note 27. 51. The remaining seven states are Connecticut, Illinois, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, and Washington. Id. 52. Id.