DSST World Religion Notes

Islamic fundamentalism arose in 1960 1970 grew in

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Islamic Fundamentalism – arose in 1960-1970 grew in attempt to return to old ways and traditions of historic Islamic culture Iranian Revolution of 1979 – the overthrow of the Shah and the formation of an Islamic state under leader cleric Ayatollah Khomeini Islam Muhammad's age seeking religious truth? 40 Know what Allah means - God What influenced the Taliban and Osama-bin-Ladan? Wahhabism Muhammad' first introduction to old and new testaments when and how? Cave of Mount Hira, before 40, before he was prophet, taught by Bishop Waraka Islam sect that believes Quran is divine precession?Sufis what the kabba is a cuboid -shaped building in Mecca , Saudi Arabia , and holds a mystic meteor is the most sacred site in Islam Know differences between Shiiate and Sunnis What is not one of the five pillars of Islam? Praying towards Jerusalem The five pillars of Islam, o Hajj - Pilgrimage o Salah - Prayer o Shadhadah - testimony o Sawm - Fasting o Zakah – Alm-giving Shiites-believed Ali appointed caliph by Muhammad That Ishmael was the firstborn of Abraham That the Kalam was a school of Islam that practiced asking for guidance through prayer % of Muslims in Sunni 85% Know hijrah- migration Imam – religious leader; (Shi’a) choosen by god; (Sunni) – appointed by Imam’s Muslim leader who battled crusaders? Saladin good and bad from god sufis -, mystical dimension of Islam wahhabi - Ibn Abdul Al-Wahhab advocated purging Islam of what he considered to be impurities and innovations ayatollah khomeini- Who took over in Iran in 1979 What does NOT influence or help (can’t remember the word they used) Muslims? Jinn, Angels, the Koran, or the Hadith (sunni and shi’a have different). bahai - is a monotheistic religion founded by Bahá'u'lláh in 19th-century Persia , emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind; the unity of God , the unity of religion , and the unity of humankind . Know that Baha'i teaches all religions are part of a whole - and that all people are equal Zoroastrianism That Athura Mazda is the supreme god in Zoroastrianism and the relationship that Athura Mazda has with good and evil that two spirits emanate from Ahura Mazda (one good and one evil) Angra Mainyu , the "evil spirit" Spenta Mainyu “good spirit” Zoroastrianism (dualistic in reference to 3 major monotheistic religions - Christianity, Judaism, and Islam -, Ahura Mazda main god) Sikhism What religion influenced Sikhism? Hinduism That the Adhi Grantha is the primary holy scripture of Sikhism
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Type of Sikh theism, mono, What are “singhs” from Sikh religion recognized – means “lion” got rid of caste; (militancy?) founder of Sikhism - Guru Nanak Dev, Other What religion is not like Islam, Judaism, Christianity? Hinduism Oracle at Delphi - The Pythia, commonly known as the Oracle of Delphi, was the priestess at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi , located on the slopes of Mount Parnassus . Sun Dance - is a
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Islamic Fundamentalism arose in 1960 1970 grew in attempt...

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