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affects children ages 16 years or younger, with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue. kyphosis (kye-FOH-sis)- an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side
laminectomy (lam-ih-NECK-toh-mee)- the surgical removal of a lamina or posterior portion of a vertebralordosis (lor-DOH-sis)- an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spinelumbago (lum-BAY-goh)- aka low back pain; pain of the lumbar region of the spinemalleolus (mah-LEE-oh-lus)- a rounded boney projection on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle jointmanubrium(mah-NEW-bree-um)- the boney structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum metacarpals (met-ah-KAR-palz)- the five bones that form the palms of the handmetatarsals (met-ah-TAHR-salz)- form the part of the foot to which the toes are attachedmyeloma(my-eh-LOH-mah)- a type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells found in the red bone marrowopen fracture- aka compound fracture; one in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin orthopedic surgeon (or-thoh-PEE-dick)- aka orthopedist; a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and musclesorthotic (or-THOT-ick)- a mechanical appliance, such as a shoe insert, leg brace, or a splint, which is specifically designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limbfunctionosteitis (oss-tee-EYE-tis)- an inflammation of a boneosteoarthritis (oss-tee-oh-ar-THRIGH-tis)- aka wear-and-tear arthritis; most commonly associated with aging osteochondroma(oss-tee-oh-kon-DROH-mah)- a benign bony projection covered with cartilage osteoclasis (oss-tee-OCK-lah-sis)osteomalacia (oss-tee-oh-mah-LAY-shee-ah)- aka adult rickets; abnormal softening of bones in adultsosteomyelitis (oss-tee-oh-my-eh-LYE-tis)- inflammation of bone marrow and adjacent boneosteopenia (oss-tee-oh-PEE-nee-ah)- thinner than average bone densityosteoporosis (oss-tee-oh-poh-ROH-sis)- a marked loss of bone density and an increase inbone porosity that is frequently associated with aging osteoporotic hip fracture (oss-tee-oh-pah-ROT-ick)- aka broken hip; usually caused by weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis and can occur either spontaneously or as the result of a failosteorrhaphy (oss-tee-OR-ah-fee)- the surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bonesPaget’s disease (PAJ-its)- chronic bone disease of unknown cause named for Sir James Pagent; characterized by the abnormal breakdown of bone, usually in the pelvis, skull, spine, and legs.
pathologic fracture- occurs when a weakened bone breaks under normal strainpercutaneous vertebroplasty (per-kyou-TAY-nee-us VER-tee-broh-plas-tee)- performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures.