A concept that refers to social stratification based entirely on personal merit

A concept that refers to social stratification based

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A concept that refers to social stratification based entirely on personal merit Includes knowledge, abilities, and effort Ideology: cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality Every culture considers some type of inequality “fair” Ideology changes with a society’s economy and technology The functions of social stratification The Davis-Moore Thesis: Social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of society Positions a society considers crucial must offer enough rewards to draw talented people away from less important work Shoe polisher vs. doctor Critical review Do rewards actually reflect the contributions someone makes to society? (Paris Hilton vs. Professors?) Ignores how caste elements of social stratification can prevent the development of individual talent Ignores social inequality Karl Marx: Class conflict Capitalists: People who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profit Proletariat:
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