o Tardiness the tendency to arrive at work late or leave work early o Long

O tardiness the tendency to arrive at work late or

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o Tardiness the tendency to arrive at work late (or leave work early). o Long breaks involve longer than normal lunches, soda breaks, coffee breaks, and so forth that provide a physical escape from work. o Missing meetings employees neglect important work functions while away from the office. o Absenteeism occurs when employees miss an entire day of work. o Quitting voluntarily leaving the organization. Continued
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Independent forms model of withdrawal argues that the various withdrawal behaviors are uncorrelated with one another, occur for different reasons, and fulfill different needs on the part of employees. o “I can’t stand my job, so I do what I can to get by” o Sometimes I’m absent, sometimes I socialize, sometimes I come in late. There’s no real rhyme or reason to it; I just do whatever seems practical at the time Compensatory forms model of withdrawal argues that the various withdrawal behaviors negatively correlate with one another—that doing one means you’re less likely to do another. o “I can’t handle being around my boss. I hate to miss work, so I do what’s needed to avoid being absent. I figure if I socialize a bit and spend some time surfing the Web. I don’t need to ever be absent… but if I couldn’t do those things, I’d definitely have to go home, a lot “ Progression model of withdrawal argues that the various withdrawal behaviors are positively correlated: The tendency to daydream or socialize leads to the tendency to come in late or take long breaks, which leads to the tendency to be absent or quit. o I just don’t have any respect for my employer anymore. In the beginning, I’d daydream a bit during work or socialize with my colleagues. As time went on, I began coming in late or taking a long lunch. Lately I’ve been staying home altogether, and I’m starting to think I should quit The firm movie clip – continuance model o Compensation – they were paying a great wage and 20% more than the highest offer. o The firm encourages children… they want stability – embeddness (link and sacrifice – embedding them into a community) o Red flag – he bribed the committee office, investigator checking phone records, that firm could only use that type of commitment because of their client… but when you are highly embedded, it’s hard to leave Trends that Affect Commitment Diversity of the workforce o Minority groups make up approximately one third of the workforce o 47 percent of the jobs are filled by women o The workforce is aging The % of members of the workforce who are 60 years or older is expected to grow to 10 percent o More and more employees are foreign born Half of the Ph.Ds working in the U.S. are foreign-born as are 45 percent of the physicists, computer scientists, and mathematicians The change in employee – employer relationships brought about by a generation of downsizing makes it more challenging to retain valued employees.
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o Psychological contracts
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  • Spring '08
  • Liesl Wesson
  • Organizational studies and human resource management, task performance

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