The origin of the island from 1892 to 1954 over

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The Origin of the IslandFrom 1892 to 1954, over twelve million immigrants entered the United States through the portal of EllisIsland, a small island in New York Harbor. Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the New Jerseycoast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. Through the years, this gateway to the new world wasenlarged from its original 3.3 acres to 27.5 acres mostly by landfill obtained from ship ballast andpossibly excess earth from the construction of the New York City subway system.Before being designated as the site of the first Federal immigration station by President BenjaminHarrison in 1890, Ellis Island had a varied history. The local Indian tribes had called it "Kioshk" or GullIsland. Due to its rich and abundant oyster beds and plentiful and profitable shad runs, it was known asOyster Island for many generations during the Dutch and English colonial periods.By the time Samuel Ellis became the island's private owner in the 1770s, the island had been calledKioshk, Oyster, Dyre, Bucking and Anderson's Island. In this way, Ellis Island developed from a sandyisland that barely rose above the high tide mark, into a hanging site for pirates, a harbor fort, ammunitionand ordinance depot named Fort Gibson, and finally into an immigration station.From Military Fort to National GatewayFrom 1794 to 1890 (pre-immigration station period), Ellis Island played a mostly uneventful but stillimportant military role in United States history. When the British occupied New York City during theduration of the Revolutionary War, its large and powerful naval fleet was able to sail unimpeded directlyinto New York Harbor.Therefore, it was deemed critical by the United States Government that a series of coastal fortifications inNew York Harbor be constructed just prior to the War of 1812. After much legal haggling over ownershipof the island, the Federal government purchased Ellis Island from New York State in 1808.Ellis Island was approved as a site for fortifications and on it was constructed a parapet for three tiers ofcircular guns, making the island part of the new harbor defense system that included Castle Clinton at theBattery, Castle Williams on Governor's Island, Fort Wood on Bedloe's Island and two earthworks forts atthe entrance to New York Harbor at the Verrazano Narrows. The fort at Ellis Island was named FortGibson in honor of a brave officer killed during the War of 1812.
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Immigration Policy Embraces the MassesPrior to 1890, the individual states (rather than the Federal government) regulated immigration into theUnited States. Castle Garden in the Battery (originally known as Castle Clinton) served as the New YorkState immigration station from 1855 to 1890 and approximately eight million immigrants, mostly fromNorthern and Western Europe, passed through its doors.

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Term
Spring
Professor
mores
Tags
History, US History, Immigration to the United States
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The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Social Psychology and Human Nature
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 7 / Exercise 1
Social Psychology and Human Nature
Baumeister/Bushman
Expert Verified

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