S food import requirements in recent years its aim is

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most significant changes in U.S. food import requirements in recent years. Its aim is to enhance the security of the United States with respect to its food supply. The Act requires, as of 120 Available online at: http://www.fas.usda.gov/itp/Contacts.htm (E-mail: [email protected]). 121 APHIS online information. Available at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov. 122 The updated list is available online at: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/NCIE/country.html. 123 FSIS information is available online at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov. 124 Argentina; Australia; Austria; Belgium; Brazil; Canada; Costa Rica; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Honduras; Hong Kong, China; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Japan; Mexico; Netherlands; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Poland; Romania; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom and Northern Ireland; and Uruguay. 125 A current list of plants is available online at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/ofo/faim/argentin.htm. 126 The import process is described at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/op/IIM/TOCIIM.htm. 127 FDA information is available online at: http://www.fda.gov. 128 Available online at: http://nattie.eh.doe.gov/biosafety/library/PL107-188.pdf.
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WT/TPR/S/126 Trade Policy Review Page 65 12 December 2003: (1) registration of most food manufacturing and handling facilities (except, in general, farms and restaurants); (2) prior notice to FDA of all food consignments intended for import into the United States; (3) establishment and maintenance of certain records pertaining to the receipt and distribution of foods; and (4) administrative detention of any food found to present a threat of adverse health consequences to humans or animals. 129 2. Section 305 of the Act (Registration of Food Facilities) requires the owner, operator, or agent in charge of a domestic or foreign facility to register with the FDA no later than 12 December 2003. Facilities are defined as any factory, warehouse, or establishment, including importers. The Bioterrorism Act exempts from the requirement to register: farms, restaurants, other retail food establishments, non-profit food establishments in which food is prepared for or served directly to the consumer, and fishing vessels. Also, foreign facilities subject to the registration requirement are limited to those that manufacture, process, pack, or hold food, only if food from such facility is exported to the United States without further processing or packaging outside the United States. 3. Section 307 of the Act (Prior Notice of Imported Food Shipments) requires that prior notice of imported food shipments be given to FDA. The notice must include a description of the article, the manufacturer and shipper, the grower (if known), the country of origin, the country from which the article is shipped, and the anticipated port of entry. 4. The United States first notified the WTO of the proposed new registration and prior import notice requirements in February 2003.
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