Nehru - Toward Freedom (1936).pdf

Far reaching changes are taking place before our eyes

Info icon This preview shows pages 364–366. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Far-reaching changes are taking place before our eyes, and the fu ture, whatever shape it might take, is not a remote, far-off thing which arouses a purely academic interest in the detached minds of philoso phers, sociologists, and economists. It is a matter which affects every human being for better or for worse, and surely it is every citizen's duty to try to understand the various forces at play and decide on his own course of action. A world is coming to an end, and a new world 1 November 12, 1934. 345
Image of page 364

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
is taking shape. To find an answer to a problem it is necessary to know what it is. Indeed it is as important to know the problem as to seek a solution for it. Even more important are the economic changes that are rapidly tak ing place the world over. We must realize that the nineteenth-century system has passed away and has no application to present-day needs. We have to face many questions, and we must face them boldly. Has the present social or economic system a right to exist if it is un able to improve greatly the condition of the masses? Does any other system give promise of this widespread betterment? How far will a mere political change bring radical improvement? If vested interests come in the way of an eminently desirable change, is it wise or moral to attempt to preserve them at the cost of mass misery and poverty? Surely the object is not to injure vested interests, but to prevent them from injuring others. If it was possible to come to terms with these vested interests, it would be most desirable to do so. People may dis agree with the justice or injustice of this, but few will doubt the ex pediency of a settlement. Such a settlement obviously cannot be the removal of one vested interest by the creation of another. Whenever possible and desirable, reasonable compensation might be given, for a conflict is likely to cost far more. But, unhappily, all history shows that vested interests do not accept such compromises. Classes that have ceased to play a vital part in society are singularly lacking in wisdom. They gamble for all or nothing, and so they fade away. In considering a method for changing the existing order we have to weigh the costs of it in material as well as spiritual terms. We cannot afford to be too shortsighted. We have to see how far it helps ulti mately in the development of human happiness and human progress, material and spiritual. But we have always to bear in mind the ter rible costs of not changing the existing order, of carrying on as we do today with our enormous burden of frustrated and distorted lives, star vation and misery, and spiritual and moral degradation. It is obvious that the vast changes that socialism envisages cannot be brought about by the sudden passing of a few laws.
Image of page 365
Image of page 366
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern