12 the first test usually performed to screen for hiv

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12. The first test usually performed to screen for HIV antibodies in the blood. 13. The most common confirmation test for HIV in the United States. Fill in the blanks with the correct term. abstinence sexually transmitted disease (STD) epidemic sexually transmitted infection (STI) 1. An infection that spreads from person to person through sexual contact is called a(n) or a(n) . 2. When a community has a larger number of cases of an infectious disease than would be generally expected, the community is experiencing a(n) . 3. The only 100 percent effective way to avoid STDs is to practice . Replace the underlined words with the correct term. chlamydia syphilis genital herpes trichomoniasis gonorrhea human papillomavirus (HPV) 4. Gonor rhea can lead to pelvic pain and infertility. 5. HPV is an STD caused by the herpes simplex virus. 6. A bacterial STD that usually affects mucous membranes is chlamydia . 7. The first sign of trichomoniasis infection is a chancre at the site of infection. Identify each statement as True or False. If false, replace the underlined term with the correct term. HIV AIDS opportunistic infections 8. AIDS is the virus that attacks the immune system. 9. Being infected with AIDS does not necessarily mean a person has HIV . 10. Oppor tunistic infections are rare in a person with a normal immune system, but they easily invade the body of a person with a weakened immune system. HS_HEALTH_U08_C25_CR 12/8/03 5:33 PM Page 670
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671 Chapter 25 Review Chapter 25 Review 6. Explain why an individual diagnosed with an STD should notify contacts. 7. Why is the risk of HIV infection low for a person whose coworker has tested positive for HIV? 8. Why does having multiple sexual contacts increase the risk of HIV infection? 9. List and describe the stages of HIV infection. 10. Relate the importance of tests to detect HIV and why early detection is important. THINKING CRITICALLY 1. Analyzing. Suppose a friend tells you that he or she is considering having a sexual relationship with a girlfriend or boyfriend. Write a letter to your friend explaining the benefits of abstinence as it relates to the prevention of STDs. 2. Evaluating. Some states have laws that require couples who apply for marriage licenses to be tested for particular STDs. Analyze the influence of this public health policy on the prevention and treatment of STDs. 3. Synthesizing. State facts that support this statement: Fighting HIV infection is everyone’s responsibility. 4. Analyzing. What makes opportunistic illnesses more dangerous for individuals who are infected with HIV than for those who are not infected? Test Practice Test Practice Read the paragraph below, look at the table, and then answer the questions. According to the Center for Disease Control, the number of reported AIDS cases was over 800,000 people as of December 2001.
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