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10. Caracalla (WHAT PAGE IS THIS ON? I can’t seem to find it anywhere) pg11411. Catullus (pg 140)-TA: a Latin poet of the Republican period.-The finest lyric poet Rome produced and one of the greatest in world literature: master of adapting and refining Greek forms of poetry to express his emotions.- infatuated with Clodia (aka Lesbia) and addressed number of poems to her, with both love and hatred (due to her having multiple lovers)12. Cicero-Roman philosopher, orator and statesmen. -TA: he was a star, he was the most popular philosopher ever, developed the languagesin debate existed today. He opposes Caesar and Octavius and wanted " the republic"-Oratory was brought to perfection in as literary fashion by him-Greatest prose writer of his period-Orator was a statesman, a man who achieved his highest goal by pursuing an active life in public affairs-Transmitted classical intellectual heritage to the western world
oBest exemplar of the literary and intellectual interests of the senatorial elite of the late republic-Wrote books ( On the Laws and On the Republic)oProvided insight to political thought and including the need for a mixed constitutionA moderated and well balanced form of government is a combo of three simple good forms (monarchy aristocracy and democracy )is preferable to even monarchy13. Virgil- the most distinguished poet of the Augustan Age.- he had his masterpiece called Aenied, an epic poem that was intended to rival Homer’s works.-> conveying the message that Aeneas’s mission to establish Rome in Italy was successful with its divine mission to rule the world.- also portrayed Rome as a civilization just as old and noble as Greece14. Ovid-a Roman poet-wrote a lot of known Roman myth-he also tried to mythologize Caesar-Poet during reign of Augustus-Belonged to a privileged social group in Rome that liked to ridicule old Roman values-Best known as author of three major collections of poetry (Heroides, Amores andArs Amatoria, and the Metamorphoses)15. Livy- wrote History of Rome(Ab Urbe Condita Libri, literally “books since the city’s founding”)- He perceived history in terms of moral lessons( Human character determining factors in history): roman mythology d-Livy provided a detailednarrative of Roman efforts. Many of his stories werelegendary in character; writing in the first century B.C.E.,he used his stories to teach Romans the moral values andvirtues that had made Rome great. These included tenacity,duty, courage, and especially discipline16. Septimius Severus
-TA: Roman emperor. He is a military first leader, "all about the army", but he uses a lot of money that roman did not have for war. He founded Rome's last dynasty, the SeveranDynasty.