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Using cash or bullet as motivatorsFinding out what motivates the followers is an essential job of a leader. Escobar significantly lacked individualized consideration for his follower and didn’t value their opinions. He either used means of terror or money to motivate his followers and didn’t personally recognized their needs. He also pushed people too hard and as a consequence ended up creating more enemies than friends.Robin-Hood or a Villain Although the united states government and the Colombian officials painted Escobar as a threatening terrorist who spread the reigns of his criminal activities all over the world, the people of Colombia admired him for being a generous benefactor or a Robin hood who distributed wealth from rich to poor. (Bowley,2013) This is because decades of an unusual amount of violence and political turmoil left the lower economic class of Colombia unrepresented and helpless. Pablo created hope for this section of people and converted them into his loyal followers. Escobar, more generally, around the world, is known to be an unethical leader because of the various crimes he committed and people he terrorized. Many of his followers followed him because of fear instead of motivation; however, those who tendto see the government as a corrupt and oppressive tend to see Escobar as the protector. “Ethical leaders are directed by respect for beliefs and values and for the dignity and rights ofothers.” Escobar resorted to manipulation and did not have a sense of what’s right or wrong, so according to the definition of ethical leadership, Escobar was an unethical leader. ConclusionFrom the above analysis, we can conclude that Pablo Escobar was one of the most feared, billionaire criminals who was famous for both his illegal international cocaine business as well as his generous charitable work in his home country. His power, money and loyal followers allowed him to escape three thousand members of special forces for sixteen monthsuntil he was shot on his rooftop. This shows his followers well respected him.Escobar was an intelligent, charismatic leader who inspired many of his followers in his home town; however, it can be argued whether it was his charisma or the manipulation and power that made the followers loyal. He was neither an intellectually stimulating or a mentoring leader, and because of these shortcomings, we can safely say he wasn’t a true transformational leader. Escobar’s corrupt morals and power-hungry personality made him a pseudo-transformational leader. His famous saying, “Plata o Plomo,” or “silver or lead,” meant that he believed in getting his way either through bribe or bullet. (Minster, 2012) Escobar’s absolutely had some great transformational leadership characteristics which
allowed him to create his billion-dollar empire, but his poor morals kept him from possessing all four transformational leadership characteristics.