Presbyterians as they argued over the notion of

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Presbyterians as they argued over the notion of orthodox clergymen (old lights) who were deeply skeptical of the emotionalism and the theatrical antics of the revivalist and those who defended the Awakening (new lights) and its role on reviving American religion. 14. The American colonies adopted many of the social status similar to the British. Social status then did not rely on income but instead social ranking. The upper class consisted of those who owned land and clergymen. The second class would be merchants and shopkeepers while the last is the laboring class consisting of slaves and peasants. Additionally, the system of mercantilism purposed by the British empire was a system that consisted of several policies that made the economy as self-sufficient as possible by selling more goods abroad than imported. This idea contributed to colonization and even if the country lacked in gold or
silver, they could provide raw materials to the mother country. This failed as mercantilism depended on commerce. Due to the Navigation acts as a series of laws passed during 1651 regulated colonial shipping; the acts provided that only English ships would be allowed to trade in English and colonial ports and that all good destined for the colonies would first pass through England. These acts were designed to stimulate British industry and trade and to restrict and shape, but not to destroy, infant colonial industries. 15. Bacon’s Rebellion: An uprising that broke out in 1676 consisting of Virginia back country farmers and indentured servants led by twenty-nine-year-old Nathaniel Bacon. Many of the rebels were frontiersmen who were forced into the untamed backcountry in search of farming land. As they began encroaching on land already inhabited by Native Americans the pioneers soon came to believe that the colonial government lacked of effort to protect their people from Natives and merely used them as “human shields” to protect the wealthier colonist of the east. At first the rebellion fought the lack of protection colonist received yet later involved the discontent of backcountry farmers with coastal elites. The rebels marched on Jamestown and burned it to the ground, however when Bacon died later of dysentery, the rebellion quickly dissolved. Stono Rebellion: A slave uprising during 1739 that shook the British colony of South Carolina. Band of twenty slaves organized a rebellion on the banks of the Stono River, called for liberty as they killed overseers and forced other slaves to join their resistance. The outbreak was soon put down when white colonist came and killed most of the rebels. After the Stono Rebellion, South Carolina authorities moved to reduce provocations for rebellion. Masters, for example, were penalized for imposing excessive work or brutal punishments of slaves and a school was started so that slaves could learn Christian doctrine. Authorities also tightened control over the enslaved. The Assembly then passed the Negro Act of 1740 which

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