24define the negative practical consequences of

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24.Define the negative practical consequences of colonialism for different peoples of the world. Colonialism is the policy of a nation seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, [1] generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities. The colonising country seeks to benefit from the colonised country or land mass. In the process, colonisers imposed their religion, economics, and medicinal practices on the natives. Some argue this was a positive move toward modernisation , while other scholars counter that this is an intrinsically Eurocentric rationalisation, given that modernisation is itself a concept introduced by Europeans. Colonialism is largely regarded as a relationship of domination of an indigenous majority by a minority of foreign invaders where the latter rule in pursuit of its interests. [2] 25.Examine the three worlds typology and its criteria. the technologically less advanced, or developing, nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America,generally char acterized as poor, having economies distorted by their dependence on the export of primary products to the developed countries in return for finished products. These nations also tend to have high rates of illiteracy, disease, andpopulation growth and unstable governments. The term Third World was originally intended to distinguish the nonalignednations that gained independence from colonial rule beginning after World War I I from the Western nations and from thosethat formed the Communist Eastern bloc, and sometimes more s pecifically from the United States and from the Soviet Union(the first and second worlds, respectively). Fo r the most part the term has not included China. Politically, the Third Worldemerged at the Bandung Conference (1955), which resulted in the establishment of the Nonaligned Movement . Numerically, the Third World dominates the United Nations, but the group is diverse culturally and increas ingly economically,and its unity is only hypothetical. The oilrich nations, such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Libya, and the newly emergedindustrial states, such as Taiwan, South Korea, and Singapore, have little in common with desperately poor nations, such as Haiti, Chad, and Afghanistan. 26. Define the reasons of why NICs – Brazil, Mexico, Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan -have successfully embarked on a process of industrialization? 27. Define the influence of communication systems, including the Internet, on social change. The results of a study by the US Department of Commerce showed that radio took 30 years to reach an audience of 50 million people, television — 13 years, and the Internet — just 4 years. To date, the global network brings together by the most conservative estimates, more than 143 million users on all continents.
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