While he was sitting down with his new friends from

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While he was sitting down with his new friends from Johannesburg, “he told them all about these places, of the great hills and valleys of that far country. And the love of them must have been in his voice, for they were all silent and listened to him (Paton 12).” Paralleling this, Paton also addresses Kumalo’s increasing worry. During the same conversation, “ He told them too of the sickness of the land… how the tribe was broken, and the house broken, and the man broken (Paton 12).” After this conversation, Kumalo’s new friend Msimangu refutes Kumalo’s hopeless assertions and says, “You cannot stop the world from going on… The problem is not that things are broken. The problem is that they are not repaired again. (Paton 15)” Msimangu proves to be a resolve for Kumalo’s inner conflict. He introduces his new ideas to Kumalo and expresses that the eradication of the tribe is not necessarily a bad thing, rather, it is the absence of progress that really harms South African society. Paton uses this dialogue from Kumalo’s time at the Mission House with his new acquaintances to hint towards the first shifts in his character. Kumalo’s character further shifts when he visits his sister Gertrude in Claremont and sees the impoverished state of the city. He was, “shocked by its dirt, how close together the houses were, and the rubbish in the streets (Paton 17).” Kumalo even concerns himself about the children on the street and asks why they were not at school (Paton 17) Furthermore, when Kumalo is reunited with his sister, he first approaches her with judgement and fear, but them embraces her with empathy and mercy, saying, “God forgives… Who am I not to forgive? (Paton 19)” Paton writes this scene beautifully, highlighting the caring nature of this exchange and allowing Kumalo’s fear to dull momentarily. Towards the end of this chapter, Kumalo greets his nephew lovingly and “lifted him up, and wiped his nose clean, and kissed him (Paton 20).” Paton
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Mathew 3
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