alpha1 adrenergic receptors on blood cells vasoconstriction Constrict dilated

Alpha1 adrenergic receptors on blood cells

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 33 pages.

alpha1-adrenergic receptors on blood cells = vasoconstrictionConstrict dilated conjunctival blood vessels. To reduce redness of the eye caused by minor illness – allergic conjunctivitisNaphazoline/pheniramine – Naphcon-ANaphazoline/pheniramine-Opcon-ADecrease redness and edema by activating alpha1-adrenergic receptors on blood cells = vasoconstrictionTemporary relief of redness and itching of the eyes from pollen, grass, animal dander, and hairAntivirals – trifluridine, vidarabine, ganciclovir, and idoxuridineAntibiotics – Fluoroquinolones: besifloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, oflofloxicinMacrolides: Azithromycin, ErythromycinAminoglycosides: Gentamicin, tobramycinSulfonamides: SulfacetamidePolymyxin B Containing mixtures: Polymyxin B with bacitracin, bacitracin/neomycin, gramicidin/neomycin, or trimethoprimKilling the microorganism or inhibiting bacterial growth within the eye. Topical application delivers high concentration of antibiotic to site of infectionInfected area of eye: orbit, lacrimal system, eyelid, conjunctiva, cornea, intraocularViral and bacterial infections of the eyePreventative measures to prevent infection after ocular surgeryEye stinging, burning, redness, or temporary blurred vision, photosensitivity
Background image
Topical Glucocorticoids (skin)skinMay be local or systemic. Keratolytic Agents (skin)Salicylic Acid & sulfur, Benzoyl peroxidestratum corneumTopical Antibiotics (skin)local irritationRetinoids (skin)skinSuper High Potency: Bethamethasone, Dipropionate (Diprolene), clobetasol propionate (Clobex, cormax, temovate) Diflorasone Diacetate ointment (psorcon), Fluocinonide (vanos), Flurandrenolide (cordran tape), Halbetasol propionate (ultravate); High Potency:Amicinonide (Clyclocort), Betamethasone Dipropionate (Diprolene, Deiprolene AF), Desoximetasone (Topicort), Diflorasone Diacetate cream (ApexiCon, Florone, Maxiflor, Psorcon), flucinonide (Fluonex, Lidex, Vanos), Halcinonide (Halog), Triamcinolone Acetonide; Medium to high Potency:Amcinonide cream (Cyclocort), Betamethasone Dipropioate cream (Diprosone), Diflorasone Diacetate (ApexiCon, Psorcon), Flucinonide Emollient cream (Lidex E), Fluticasone propionate ointment (Cutivate), Triamcinolone Acetonide ointment (Arstorcort A), Triamcinolone high potency cream (Aristocort-HP); Medium Potency:Betamethasone Diprpionate, Betamethasone valerate (Beta-val, Luxiq, Valisone), Clocortolone Pivalate (Cloderm), Desoximetasone (Topicort LP), Fluocinolone acetonide (Synalar), Flurandrenolide (Cordan, Cordan SP), Fluticasone propionate (Cutivate), Hydrocortisone Butyrate (locoid, locoid lipocream), Hydrocortisone valerate (Westcort), Mometasone (Furoate (Elocon), Prednicarbate (Dermatop), Triamcinoone acetonide (Kenalog); Low Potency:Alclometasone dipropionate (Aclovate), Desonide (DesOwen, Lokara, Verdeso), Clucinolone acetonide (Capex, Synalar), Hydrocortisone acetate (Lamacort 10, U-Cort), Hydrocortisone butyrate (Locoid), Triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog); Least Potency:Hydrocotisone (Ala-Cort, Anusol-HC, Cortaid, Cortizone - 10, Hytone).
Background image
Image of page 6

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 33 pages?

  • Fall '16
  • ryan & mcCann
  • Vitamin, Uric acid, common side effects, Clinical uses, Exception Drugs

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture