Asking why questions Closed ended questionscomments Changing the subject False

Asking why questions closed ended questionscomments

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 52 pages.

Asking “why” questions Closed-ended questions/comments Changing the subject False reassurance Giving advice Giving stereotypical or generalized responses Showing approval or disapproval Showing agreement or disagreement Engaging in excessive self-disclosure or comparing the experiences of others Comparing pt experiences Using personal terms of endearment Being defensive Ch 4: CRITICAL THINKING IN NURSING Critical thinking - application of knowledge and experience to identify pt problems & to direct clinical judgments & actions that result in positive pt outcomes Reflection - deliberate thinking used to guide further thinking Ways to improve Evidence - gained through research & review of findings Standards - guide to which practice is assessed & evaluated Attributes - fairness, responsibility, empathy Clinical reasoning - uses critical thinking , knowledge, & experience to develop solutions to problems & make decisions in clinical setting Skill that develops over time w/increased knowledge & expertise Problem solving - systematic, analytic approach to finding a solution to a problem Decision making - choosing a solution from different options Reasoning - logical thinking that links thoughts, ideas, & facts together in a meaningful way Judgement - result or decision related to processes of thinking & reasoning Inductive reasoning - uses specific facts or details to make conclusions & generalizations Specific → General
Image of page 4
Deductive reasoning - generating facts or details from a major theory, generalization, or premise General → Specific Validation - the process of gathering info to determine whether the info/data collected are factual & true Subjective data usually validated w/objective data Thinking errors to avoid: Bias - an inclination or tendency to favoritism or partiality Illogical thinking Lack of info Closed-mindedness Erroneous assumptions Methods for improving critical thinking skills: Discussion w/colleagues Audible verbalization of thoughts Literature review Intentional application of knowledge Concept maps Simulation Role playing Written work Pp 498-499: PPE GUIDELINES Standard Precautions Used when contact/potential contact with: Blood & bodily fluids Secretions & excretions Nonintact skin Mucous membranes Other infectious materials If splashing possible: eyewear, mask, gown Contact: gloves & gown Airborne: gloves & N95 mask Negative-pressure w/HEPA filtration system Droplet: gloves & mask Isolation: gloves, mask Positive-pressure room w/HEPA filtration system Mask for anyone entering or leaving room Meticulous hand-washing No live plants, fresh flowers, fresh raw fruit or vegetables, sushi, or blue cheese Ch 19: VITAL SIGNS Pulse oximetry - measures the amount of O2 available to tissues Core temperature - temperature of deep tissues Frostbite - exposure to subnormal temp → ice crystals form inside cells → permanent circulatory & tissue damage
Image of page 5
Image of page 6

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 52 pages?

  • Fall '16
  • Nursing, Nursing Interventions, pt assessment data, specific pt problem

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes