The idea that the most desirable girl was a demure

This preview shows page 33 - 35 out of 60 pages.

discussion. The idea that the most desirable girl was a demure thing who always lost at chess or tennis was slipping away. Young women plotting their futures were not feeling compelled to go for the least- adventurous option. Some people, of course, balked at the swift- ness of the change, and others preferred not to pay attention. ("It's the funniest thing. I don't feel there's any discrimination. I know my husband feels that way," said Pat Nixon when NOW began picket- ing·the White House in support of the Equal Rights Amendment.). But the nation's consciousness was quickly, ·and sometimes pain- fully, evowing. "WHO'D BE AGAINST EQUAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN?" In 1970 Jo Freeman had to fly from Chicago to Washington, with a choice between a puddle jumper that made several stops along the way and a.direct flight with United. She chose the puddle jumper and later wrote United a letter, saying she had picked the less-convenient flight because she was boycotting the airline that ran those men-only "executive flights" between New York and Chicago. "A yearlater they changed the policy," Freeman recalled. "And they sent me a telegram." Politicians, keenly aware that the new special-interest group they were courting represented half the population, rolled out reforms. In the early 1970s, Congress passed a bill equalizing benefits for mar- ried employees, an Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and the famous Title IX prohibiting sex discrimination in federally .aided education ., .. -_-.programs. "We put sex discrimination provisions into everything," · · said Representative Bella Abzug. "There was no opposition. Who'd · ''be.against equal rights for women?" Meanwhile, Attorney General . John Mitchell sued to end discrimination against women in large cor- "j,orations, and the Nixon administration forced two thousand colleges to submit to an investigation of whether they were discriminating· ,against women in hiring and salaries. 207 ·,if
Image of page 33

Subscribe to view the full document.

GAIL COLLINS The states followed suit. Roxanne Conlin, who was assistant at- torney general in Iowa, wrote a bill eliminating all references in Iowa law to man, woman, girl, boy, lady, gentleman, etc. The massive re- form of the state code produced a huge protest from ... barbers. Ever watchful of their perquisites in every part of the country, the Iowa barbers staged a huge fight against allowing men to have their hair cut in beauty parlors. That was fine by Conlin, "because nobody no- ticed the rest of it, such as equalization of pensions." In 1972 the members of the National Woman's Party walked out of their headquarters and up Capitol Hill to watch the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. At 8 1 , Alice Paul was still in Washington, trying to orchestrate everything. Amelia Fry, a historian who had volunteered to assist with the lobbying, felt Paul's intensity like "a single beam of strong light." When an exhausted Fry finally escaped for a lunch where some topic other than the ERA might be discussed, she was conscious that "a mile away was Alice in the one hundred eightieth day of the forty-ninth year of telephoning, assigning tasks, getting advocate statements written, and running her small army."
Image of page 34
Image of page 35
  • One '14
  • History, Combined oral contraceptive pill

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern