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7COPD Triggers and Options for Smoking CessationExposure to irritants than damage the lungs and airways can cause and the main reason is smoking (What Causes COPD, 2018). According the American Lung Association, about 85 to 90 percent of all COPD cases are caused by cigarette smoking and in the case of Mrs. J, she has been smoking two packs of cigarettes for 40 years (What Causes COPD, 2018). Considering hercurrent and long-term tobacco use, there are making options available for smoking cessation which include group counseling and medications. Due to her recurrent use of cigarettes, quittingcold turkey and health care provider intervention does not seem like the best option. Group counseling allows for the patient to listen to experienced speakers who can provide advice and techniques for quitting and managing relapses while also allowing the patient to give and receivesupport from others who are fighting the same struggle (Quitting Smoking as a COPD Treatment, 2016). Medication regimens such as nicotine replacement therapies can help Mrs. J manage withdrawal symptoms and control her cravings and come in available forms of chewing gum, patches, lozenges and sprays (Quitting Smoking as a COPD Treatment, 2016). If Mrs. J were to participate in group counseling and medication regimens, she could receive the treatmentand support that is necessary to kick the habit of smoking cigarettes and have a better quality of life.ConclusionIn the case of Mrs. J, there are many modifiable lifestyle changes that she could make to decrease her disease process of hypertension, chronic heart failure snad chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Her BMI is 31.3, which is considered obese and she can consider starting off with simple exercises and eating healthier. She can also join smoking cessation group counseling and use medication regimens to quit smoking for good. If Mrs. J chooses to adhere
CASE STUDY: MRS. J.8to modifiable lifestyle changes, she would provided herself with not only a healthier lifestyle, buta longer life.
CASE STUDY: MRS. J.9ReferencesCauses of Heart Failure. (2017, May 31). Retrieved from -topics/heart-failure/causes-and-risks-for-heart-failure/causes-of-heart-failureGierthmuehlen, M., Stieglitz, T., Zentner, J., & Plachta, D. T. (2016). Hemodynamic Responses to Selective Vagal Nerve Stimulation under Enalapril Medication in Rats. Plos One, 11(1), e0147045. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0147045Howard, P., & Dunn, M. (2001). Aggressive diuresis for severe heart failure in the elderly. Chest, 119(3), 807-810.Pulmonary Rehabilitation | Cystic Fibrosis | COPD. (2019, January 29). Retrieved from Quitting Smoking as a COPD Treatment. (2016, March 15). Retrieved from What Causes COPD. (2018, March 13). Retrieved from -diseases/lung-disease-lookup/copd/symptoms-causes-risk-factors/what-causes-copd.htmlWhat is Cardiac Rehabilitation? (n.d.). Retrieved from -topics/cardiac-rehab/what-is-cardiac-rehabilitation