o Coping strategies o Relation of initial satisfaction to longevity
° ° Top-down vs. Bottom-up processing Two routes to social perception o Bottom-up processing Perceptions guided by stimuli [and not by our current desires] Input comes from outside; Guided by external factors Scientists prefer to engage in bottom-up processing as much as possible. (e.g. double blind studies, blinding research participants to hypotheses, etc.) o Top-down processing Perceptions guided by perceiver Existing mental representations shape how we view the world. Input comes from inside the perceiver. Method in which we typically interact with/view the world (e.g. political arguments) Example of top-down processing o How does your mood or other temporary states affect the way you perceive your relationships? Ex: Date arrives 30 minutes late Your mood Good mood: No big deal; Caught in traffic Bad mood: Inconsiderate; Doesn’t care Your current goals Closeness goal: Person is trying to distance themselves from you as an indication that they don’t care about your goals Distance goal: No problem o How does your personality and other chronic states affect the way you perceive relationships? Ex: Boyfriend/girlfriend forgets your anniversary Your self-esteem High: No big deal; Just stressed out about school Low: Partner doesn’t love you; Romance is gone °
Video: “The Science of Sex Appeal”
° *Sexual attraction is NOT arbitrary. ° Women have a more complex sexual agenda than men. ° Facial features Golden ratio- Relative size of small part : big part is equivalent to the size of the big part : whole. o Analysis does not discriminate between genders. Female v. male o Thinner brow (female) o Squared jaw (male) o Masculinity v. femininity is related to levels of testosterone v. progesterone/estrogen. Symmetry o Determined by prenatal events o Response to physical clues about genetic health (i.e. femininity, symmetry, fertility, etc.) o Women tend to look more attractive when they are ovulating. ° Body shape Breasts indicate passage through puberty, thus drawing attention [in regards to sexual maturity/reproductive capability]. Clothing, makeup, etc. can inhibit true factors in determining levels of attraction. Ideal female feature: Waist 7/10 as wide as the hips. o 6/10-5/10 is “more attractive”; however, such extremes would inhibit child-bearing ability in real life. Our brains assess attractiveness of the body as it moves. o Most attractive stances for both the observer and the observed:
Straight torso/shoulder swagger (males) Curvaceous body/hip swing (females) o “Sexy strut” indicates healthy genes, which allow for reproduction (gene survival). ° We don’t always snag a “perfect 10”- rather, we settle for what we can get. Individuals with “higher numbers” receive more offers/advances from others and are therefore able to hold out longer.
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