10. What concepts did the Framers promote in the Constitution?
From then on, American free enterprise system grew and prospered; left todevelop on its own, businesses lost sight of its social responsibilities; Americans recoiled from the excesses of unrestricted free enterprise and agreed that some degree of regulation was needed“..the rich and the powerful are to be restrained from enterprises against the common liberty.” -Alexander HamiltonoStability:Framers were not interested in a broad-based democracy, they tried to keep it stable by preserving the existing social valuesFelt that vote should be entrusted only to property ownersLeft each state free to define its own voter qualifications; as the demandedfor the right to vote grew, the system gradually broadened the franchiseoOptimism:American government reflects the Jeffersonian view that people are rational; reflects beliefs of the late 1700s, when people were optimistic about humanity’s future oChange:As the Constitution was written as best as possible, Framers allowed for change:An amendmentmay be proposed by two-thirds vote in both housesof Congress, then ratified by three-fourths of the state legislaturesIf two-thirds of the state legislatures request it, Congress can call a national constitution convention to propose the amendment, and then three-fourths of the state legislatures must ratify it; political scientist are afraid they might ‘run wild’ passing amendments this way damaging our system of governmentAlso, instead if three-fourths majority of the state conventions ratified itInformal Amendment: two hundred years of solving problems unforeseen by Framers adding an invisible network of laws, regulations, court decisions, and custom to the ConstitutionTypically happens when legislature passes a new law and someone challenges itThen it is brought to the Supreme Court, which rules the law’s constitutionality; has restricted federal activities, and has expanded the scope of federal controlEx. Civil War-era, beginning the process of freeing America’s blacks and guaranteeing their civil rightsChapter 4: Defining Individual Rights: The American Citizen Today
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