This doctrine encompassed the rule of the islamic

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community in Iran, is the publication of the Vilayat-e-Faqih. This doctrine encompassed the rule of the Islamic jurist and eventually became the form of the Islamic government in Iran once Khomeini gained political power in 1979. According to Khomeini, he states that in the absence of the 12 th Imam, it is the responsibility of Islamic jurists to assume leadership positions in the government. An aspect that separates Khomeini from the Shah is that Khomeini was able to generate a strong opposition force in Iran while he was exiled from Iran. Whereas the Shah, resorted to hard power and the SAVAK to instill major reforms and policies in the country. It can be said that “under Khomeini the Iranian religious and political landscapes were dramatically transformed, making Shia Islam an inseparable element of the country’s political structure.” 6 Islamic vs. Khomeini’s Revolution It could be argued that given the series of events leading to the Revolution, that is was fundamentally an Islamic Revolution. Critics of this arguments claim that the Revolution was driven by Khomeini’s own pursuit. In a sense, the revolution would not have been given the same amount of strength and drive without Khomeini. Khomeini was able to generate a force within Iranian citizens that began questioning the legitimacy and authority of the Pahlavi regime. Ayatollah Khomeini’s movement was a political motive that found discrepancies in the Shah’s regime in social, religious, and economic aspects. Religion was a primary factor however, the people of Iran were also struggling to survive based off the land reforms and inflation occurring in the country. On balance, the events of the Iranian Revolution were pivotal to not only the political structures in Iran, but also the Middle East. The two groups involved in this period, the secular 6Bruno, Greg. “Religion and Politics in Iran” The Council on Foreign Relations. (2008).
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Varde 7 group of the Shah and the Islamic fundamentalists of Khomeini were the primary forces that resulted in the political changes in Iran. Bibliography Ansari, Ali. “Iranian Revolution of 1979.” EDGE . (1999). Arjomand, Said Amir. "The Causes and Significance of the Iranian Revolution." State, Culture, and Society 1, no. 3 (1985): 41-66. .
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Varde 8 Bill, James A. "Modernization and Reform From Above: The Case of Iran." The Journal of Politics 32, no. 1 (1970): 19-40. . Bruno, Greg. “Religion and Politics in Iran” The Council on Foreign Relations. (2008). Latham, Amanda. “Operation Ajax: CIA, Muhammad Mossadeq, and the Shah of Iran.” The Cold War Museum. (2008). M. Fateh. Panjah Sal-e Naft-e Iran. p. 525.
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  • Spring '14
  • RwanySibaja
  • Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty, Ruhollah Khomeini

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