Define oxidation A loss of electrons is called oxidation 14 Define reduction A

Define oxidation a loss of electrons is called

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13. Define oxidation. 14. Define reduction. 15. What is NAD? 16. Define coenzyme. 17. Describe reaction 5 of glycolysis. In your answer, note what is especially important in this reaction regarding ATP.
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18. Describe reaction 6 of glycolysis, which is a series of several reactions that do what? 19. Describe reaction 7 of glycolysis. In your answer, note what is important in this reaction regarding ATP. What other product molecules are formed? 20. What is the net gain of ATP in glycolysis? 21. Define substrate level phosphorylation. 22. If no oxygen is available to accept electrons from NADrewhere do the electrons go? 23. What product is formed in animal cells from pyruvic acid (pyruvate) if there is no oxygenpresent? 24. What product is formed in plant cells from pyruvic acid (pyruvate) if there is no oxygen present? 25. Define anaerobic. 25. Define aerobic. 26. Under anaerobic conditions, NADox picks up electrons in what reaction? And gives up these electrons where and to what? (3 points)
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. Under anaerobic conditions, NADox picks up electrons in reaction (4) and gives up these electrons in NAD to PYRUVIC ACID. 27. Define fermentation. The process of which the glycolysis pathway is the first stage, whereby carbohydrate is transformed into alcohol or lactic acid. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Now, read this article and answer the questions that follow the article: The New York Times May 16, 2006 Lactic Acid Is Not Muscles' Foe, It's Fuel By GINA KOLATA Everyone who has even thought about exercising has heard the warnings about lactic acid. It builds up in your muscles. It is what makes your muscles burn. Its build up is what makes your muscles tire and give out. Ben Stansall/European Pressphoto Agency
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  • Winter '16
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  • Adenosine triphosphate, GEORGE A. BROOKS

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