Mushrooms Death cap mushroom contains a toxin called Amanitin o Very complex

Mushrooms death cap mushroom contains a toxin called

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Mushrooms: Death cap mushroom; contains a toxin called AmanitinoVery complex molecule, it will kill humans, but rabbits can eat it! oAmanita muscaria mushroom: it contains Muscarine, which can be lethaloVarious kinds of mold: they can produce MYCOTOXINSoRegulatory agencies do testing for mold, especially on grains, because those are themost susceptible to producing molds that are toxic!oMycotoxins found in cereals! Aflatoxinsis a kind of family of toxins (ochratoxin A,Patulin, Fusarium) most carcinogenic substances known (naturally occurring!!!)oWe can prevent that by having corn spread with an insecticide: If the insect bites into the corn, that’s where the fungus appearsoGenetic modification: By inducing the corn to produce an insecticide, insects are discouraged from eating the corn. Mould grows where insects have bitten into the corn.oBarley, peanuts can also be contaminated with moldoAged cheese and red wine contain a substance called Tyraminethat can give headachesoFish, when it starts to smell, produces Histamine(a breakdown product of proteins)oScromboid Poisoning: occurs after eating fish that contain high levels of histamine.These fish, which include mahi mahi (dolphin fish), albacore tuna, bluefin and yellowfintuna, mackerel, and sardines, have high amounts of histidine
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41oAs a result of inadequate refrigeration or preservation, bacteria convert the histidine tohistamine, leading to “scromboid poisoning”oHistamine – responsible for allergies (thus similar symptoms)oSymptoms:Tingling or burning sensation in the mouthRash on the face and upper bodyThrobbing headacheHives and itching of skinNausea, vomiting, diarrheaoTreatment is with antihistamines like BenadryloCiguatera Poisoningwith Barracuda: it happens because barracuda eat algae which canbe toxicoSymptoms of ciguatera poisoning appear within 3-5 hours after the toxic fish has beeneatenNauseaVomitingWatery diarrheaNumbness and tingling about the mouth and extremitiesIn more severe cases, there may be muscle pain, dizziness, sensations oftemperature reversal, where hot things seem cold and cold things seem hotoPuffer Fish: Improperly prepared, it can kill you. When properly prepared, it is served asFugu(Japanese cuisine)oThe organs of the puffer fish that liberate a toxic chemical called Tetradotoxinmust beremoved (Tetradotoxin poisoning)oTrace amounts are always present. Tingling sensation is the fingertips and the toes. If itgoes above the elbow, you will die.oBook “The Serpent and the Rainbow” by Wade Davis: After visiting Haiti, he came to theconclusion that zombies are real. Witch doctors in Haiti fed Tetradotoxin to people, andthen resuscitated them with “Zombie Cucumber”Atropineand Scopolamine, whichwill counteract Tetradotoxin poisoningoDomoic Acid: comes from algaeoMussels can become contaminatedo3 people died in Montreal from eating mussels from PEIoDomoic Acid Poisoningcauses short term memory loss and amnesiao
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