A second model of consultation is the collaborative

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A second model of consultation is the collaborative-dependent model. Within this model, the consultant and consultee work together to establish mutual goals for the student and develop an intervention plan (Erford, 2019). Because the consultant is not viewed as the solitary expert, the consultant and consultee rely on each other’s knowledge and skills during the problem- solving process (Erford, 2019). The collaborative-interdependent model of consultation addresses student issues with multiple causes. This consultation model includes family members, educators, counselors, youth, and community members work together as equal participants to find a comprehensive solution (Erford, 2019). Within this model, no one person has sufficient knowledge to develop a solution, and each person is interdependent on the others in the group and their expertise (Erford, 2019). As a future school counselor, I believe the collaborative-interdependent consultation model offers the best opportunity to provide students needed help. “Consultation is a process, and collaboration is a style of interaction within the process” (Erford, 2019, p. 300). Collaboration is voluntary, depends on shared responsibility, and is based on mutual goals and shared accountability. Collaboration with parents/guardians is key for school counselors, and they have the opportunity to involve parents/guardians. Parental involvement predicts student achievement (Center for Public Education, as cited in Erford, 2019), student attendance, and dropout rates (Wright & Stegelin, as cited in Erford, 2019). School counselors can involve parents/guardians through parent education workshops, volunteering in classrooms, making decisions on committees, and collaborating with the community (Erford, 2019). Many parents want to be involved with their children’s school, but because they view the school and school
COLLABORATIVE MODEL 6 staff as the experts and authority, they do not become involved. The majority of parents believe that education is the ticket to a good job and a better lifestyle (Erford, 2019), so school counselors must take advantage of this parental desire to help their children. Component #3: Systems-and Academic Focused 1. Student describes their role as a systems change agent, how this collaborative model aligns with the academic- and systems-focused paradigm for school counseling, identifying strategies for closing the achievement gap and preventing dropping out of school.

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