O the constitutionally entrenched formulae for

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oThe constitutionally entrenched formulae for amending the Constitution and otherways the Constitution may be amended.Section 45, C.A. 1982oSubject to section 41, the legislature of each province may exclusively make laws amending the constitution of the province. 8
PART 3 (10 out to 25 or 40% of the exam total).The final part of the exam will consist of one question focused on the current controversy aroundthe SNC Lavalin situation and the resignation of the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. This ongoing dispute engages many of the topics covered in the course. SNC Lavalin The SNC-Lavalin affair, also known as the SNC-Lavalin controversy or SNC-Lavalin scandal, is an ongoing political scandal in Canada involving alleged political interference and obstruction of justice by the Prime Minister's Office. The allegations centre around purported pressure put on Jody Wilson-Raybould, Canada's Minister of Justice and Attorney General at the time, to intervene in an ongoing criminal prosecution case againstQuebec construction giant: SNC-Lavalin.During Justice Committee hearings, Wilson-Raybould testified regarding efforts of various members within government to interfere in her duty as Attorney General by pressuring her to offer SNC-Lavalin a deferred prosecution agreement.The Trudeau government has maintained that no undue pressure was applied to the Attorney General, that no laws were broken, that use of a deferred prosecution agreementcould save 9,000 jobs in Canada, and that the whole situation resulted from a misunderstanding and "erosion of trust" between Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Wilson-Raybould.On 19 February 2015, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Public Prosecution Service of Canada (PPSC) laid charges against SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., SNC-Lavalin International Inc. and SNC-Lavalin Construction Inc. Each firm was charged with one count of fraud under section 380 of the Criminal Code of Canada, and one count of corruption under Section 3(1)(b) of the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act.With Trudeau coming to power, the company started a lobbying effort to avoid criminal prosecution by having the government change the Criminal Code. The effort lasted two years, and involved 51 meetings with government officials and MPs, as well as officials in the opposition leaders' offices and in the newly elected Coalition Avenir Québec government. Targets of SNC-Lavalin's lobbying included the Minister of Public Services and Procurement, Carla Qualtrough, as well as officials in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO).The company advocated for the rapid adoption of legislation to allow a new type of sentencing agreement called deferred prosecution agreements and changes to Ottawa's integrity regime to amend the 10 year contract ineligibility for suppliers with criminal convictionsRemediation Agreement (or Deferred Prosecution Agreement)o“an agreement, between an organization accursed of having committed an offence

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