Bridge War with Texas a)Red River Bridge: built in Oklahoma b)Other companies were upset that this bridge was built so they tried to get the bridge closed c)Murray used martial law to keep the bridge open d)Texas sued Oklahoma 7.Presidential aspirations in 1932 thwarted B.E.W. Marland Attempts a “Little New Deal’’ : 1934-1938 1.Marland’s entry into politics
a)U.S. Representative, 1932-1934, where he becomes an adherent of FDR and the New Deal b)Campaigns for Governor on promise to “Bring the New Deal to Oklahoma” 2.“Little New Deal” proposed to Legislature a)$5 million for immediate relief b)New state agencies to fight the depression and assure future growth: planning, housing,, flood control, highways c)Only planning adopted-Oklahoma Planning and Resources Board d)Total cost of Little New Deal was $500 million and legislature balked e)legislative... 3.Run for U.S. Senate in 1936 undercuts Marland’s effectiveness 4.Still able to accomplish some things a)Administered limited state role in New Deal programs, including Social Security Act b)Established Oklahoma Highway Patrol c)Interstate Oil Compact C.Retrenchment under Leon C. (Red) Philips: 1938-1942 1.Calls for fiscal conservatism as means of combating the depression 2.Opposition to large dam projects on Grand River and Red River 3.Opposed FDR’s re-election in 1940, worsening relations between Oklahoma and the federal government 4.Yet, Philip’s fundamental conservatism probably reflected the political attitude of most Oklahomans at the time IV.New Deal Programs in Oklahoma A.Agricultural Adjustment Act 1.Included plowing up cotton and other crops, slaughtering hogs, reducing cattle herds, and taking farmlands out of production 2.Criticisms from inside and outside the farming community 3.Other non=AAA measures of New Deal addressing agriculture a)Resettlement (1)Moving farmers/people off of unproductive land (2)To take some lands out of production and create reservoirs b)Soil conservation and pond building (1)Build ponds to store water for use in a dry interior B.National Industrial Recovery Act (NRA) Extended to Oklahoma Industries, Especially Coal Mining 1.Most active in the coal mining industry 2.Agree to pay their workers the same wage C.Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) 1.Employed mostly young men between 18-25 on conservation-related projects
2.Eighty-eight camps employed men from 11,000+ Oklahoma families during existence of CCC a)They were paid $30 a month b)They were housed, they clothed them, they fed them 3.Examples of Oklahoma projects D.National Youth Administration (NYA) 1.Part-time employment for high school and college youth 2.Also operated resident camps, including in Stillwater and the 101 ranch E.Works Progress Administration (WPA) 1.Constructed variety of public works including schools, roads, public buildings, armories, sidewalks, sewers 2.Federal One provides opportunities for professionals a)Historical Records Survey b)Oklahoma Writers Project c)Federal Arts Project d)Federal Music Project 3.
- Spring '17
- Greg Wolfe
- Indian Territory, B. questions