Publications and faculty compliments made up of the

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publications), and faculty compliments made up of the teacher-scholar with PhDs and proven track records of research funding and peer-reviewed publications - Universities that done follow this model are labeled as being inferior, and now institutions are intense competition to increase their research output, attract outstanding faculty and graduate students, and raise their international profile Criticisms of the Academic Revolution - Tenured and tenure-trach professors earn most of the money and benefits while a significant proportion of the teaching is done by non-tenured staff who are paid much less and have little or no job security - Tuition fees are steadily rising as government reduce funding for education and universities shift priorities away from teaching to more research activity to get funding - Funding has shifted toward high status medical, scientific, and business programs in the humanities, social sciences, and fine arts - Credential inflation: new degrees are being created and higher degrees are being demanded in some professions, forcing some students to prolong their education and perhaps take on more debt University of Degree Programs - Academic: B.A., B.Sc., M.A., M.Sc., PhD. - Professional: MD, DVM, DDS, BSN, BSP, MBA, JD, B. Eng, and M. Eng. Issues in Post- Secondary Education - Government funding cuts - Rising and falling enrollment - Gender gap in some programs
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- Desire for more job training - Some students want to be entertained instead of informed - Accessibility and affordability for poorer students - Rising numbers of immigrants and international students - Institutional infrastructure (buildings and equipment) - Degree credit between universities and technical institutes (e.g., possible combines programs between institutions like U of S and SIAST) - Research versus teaching academic Other Issues in Higher Education - Research Funding: the federal gov’t, in keeping with the ‘innovation agenda’ has cut transfers for post-secondary education and has made universities more reliant on research funding from various sources; this has led to an emphasis on research over teaching and a bias toward applied research - Quality and Accountability: an increasing concern over the results of higher education; employment of graduates, economic relevance or curricula, efficiency institutional operations, and student experience are some of things taken into consideration - McDonaldization: universities are expected to function in ever more efficient ways, with high degree of predictability and standardization - Academic Integrity: cheating on exams, violating copyright legislation, ghost writing, and fabricating or falsifying lab data are ongoing problems in universities Credential Inflation - Proponents of credential inflation say that higher educational credentials are necessary because technology and the nature of work is changing and therefore various professions demand higher levels of knowledge and skill - Opponents argue that professional associations work together with governments to raise
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